Ihr and Du
What it is difference between "Ihr" and "Du"? For example: 1. Du hast eine apfel. 2. Ihr habt eine apfle.
du is for when you are speaking to one person (to whom you would not say Sie)
Ihr is when you are speaking to more than one person. (So they are sharing an apple)
note: you can use Sie to more than one person.
EDIT: having just read 7hAu0bvY's comment, I now see that you got the gender wrong on Apfel... I'm cross with myself for missing that, because apple is one of the first genders I ever fixed in my head... I think of William Tell...A MAN with his SON tied to a TREE... there is an APPLE on the boy's HEAD... the story also has an ARROW and a BOW.
APPLE der Apfel
TREE der Baum
BOY der Junge
HEAD der Kopf
MAN der Mann
ARROW der Pfeil
BOW der Bogen
Now, you will have noticed that it should have been a crossbow...but sadly crossbow is die Armbrust
For the purists out there, crossbows didn't fire arrows, they fired quarrels... which is nice because a German word for quarrel is der Streit. (now i've no idea whether Germans called a crossbow bolt a Streit (i doubt it) but it doesn't matter because this is all just a method i use for remembering genders)
Of course, you can give William a HAT (der Hut), and because it's a Swiss story, there has to be a mountain (der Berg) in the background ( der Hintergrund)... the only limit is your imagination :)
Ufff, now it is even harder for me. My first language is Croatian and we also have genders(male, feminine and child gender) and the problem is that words in Croatian and in German are not of the same gender. And also we don't use articles almost never.
Du -> you informal singular
Ihr -> you informal plural
Sie -> you formal sing and plural (only with capitalized S even in the middle of a sentence)
Du hast einen Apfel -> one apple for one person
Ihr habt einen Apfel -> one apple for more than one persons.
Ihr habt einen Apfle = Y'all have one apple? And why is the letter A in the word "apfel" is capitalised?
No, Duolingo does not have a chat app though I think you could use this disscussion to chat.
1# it is Apfel not Apfle
2# Apfel is singular. if you want a plural it is Äpfel (notice the two dots on top of the A)
Do you native as native German speaker know all articles of every word? And if yes, is there some pattern which could help me? If I come to Germany and start speaking without articles will people understand me?
yes i know all the articles of the nouns . there a some rules to it, but... there are also exceptions to the rules...
the best thing is to learn the nouns together with the article as one unit.