https://www.duolingo.com/profile/slamRN

Sag ihr, dass wir sie lieben.

"Tell her that we love her."

At first when I read this I thought, aha this is formal because of the ihr but then I realized that the ihr was not "You tell her" but simply Tell her. Oder?

May 27, 2018

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Meike579743

"ihr" is a tricky one - at least if my husband is any indication ;-) If it's capitalized, you definitely know it's formal, e.g. "Ist das Ihr Mantel?" If it's not capitalized it can either be "her"(dative) or "you" (plural nominative). If you have to translate the above sentence into English, I think the most common way would be to just say "tell her" although I could also imagine somebody putting extra emphasize in there and saying "You tell her,...". Has that answered your question? Or did I miss something?

May 27, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/slamRN

So can the sentence then also be translated as: You tell her that we love her"? Or would that not work from the German as presented?

If so, how would one say "You tell her that we love her."?

May 27, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Meike579743

If I was presented with the sentence above I'd translate it with "Tell her that we love her". It's the "expected" translation. If one of my students had translated the sentence with "You tell her that we love her" I would probably have accepted it, too, though.

May 27, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/slamRN

It is so helpful to get other's insights. Danke.

May 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ChemMJW

You are correct, the sentence means "Tell her that we love her."

There are several grammatical structures at play here.

Sag --> singular informal imperative form of the verb sagen. The imperative is a grammatical mood used for making requests or giving commands.

For reference, the imperative forms of the verb sagen are as follows: singular informal: sag! (in textbooks, imperatives are often given with exclamation points to reinforce the idea that it is a command) plural informal: sagt! singular/plural formal: Sagen Sie!

ihr --> this is a tricky one, because ihr has so many different uses (as a possessive, as the second person plural you, and as the third person singular dative her). In the sentence you gave, it's the dative.

, dass wir sie lieben --> this is a normal indicative subordinating clause, and you translated it correctly.

Therefore, the sentence as a whole means: Say/tell (to) her that we love her. As far as I can think of, this is the only reasonable translation allowed by the German grammar structures used in the sentence.

Hope this helps.

May 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/slamRN

That makes perfect sense, I had noticed the Sag form and intuitively understand this as an imperative although I didn't know the name for this. Danke sehr.

May 28, 2018
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