https://www.duolingo.com/KaiChiu1

Kellemes vagy kedves

What are the main differences between 'kedves' and 'kellemes'? They both mean 'nice' from what I know.

May 29, 2018

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Seneee

'Kedves' is somebody, 'kellemes' is a situation or something.

For example;
Her company is nice - Kellemes a társasága
She is nice with me - Ő kedves velem

May 29, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/KaiChiu1

Would you use 'kedves' for all living things? For example, 'egy nagyon kedves macska'?

May 29, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Seneee

Sure! It is also correct!

May 29, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/MadyNora

A person or an animal can be "kedves".

kedves ember = a nice/friendly person

kedves kutya = a nice / friendy dog

A feeling or a place can be "kellemes".

kellemes illat = a nice/good smell

kellemes érzés = a nice/good feeling

kellemes hely = a nice place

BUT: Sometimes we use "kedves" when we describe a place.

Egy kedves kávézó = A nice/homely café.

Kedves kis hely = Literally: A nice little place. We say this when eg. we are eating out and the place is very homely.

Kedves kis lakás = Literally: A nice apartment. We say this when we are complimenting someone's small and cozy apartment.

It's very often used in literature as well:

Kedves szívemnek ez a hely. = Literally: This place is nice for my heart. Meaning: I like this place, I feel good here. (because eg. this place brings me good feelings/brings back good memories) It's... VERY poetic, we do not at all say this in everyday speech, but it's frequent in literature :)

Also, we often start letters with "Kedves XY" (= Dear XY)

"Kedves" can also mean "beloved". Kedvesem = my love / my beloved.

May 30, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/vvsey

"Kedves" is dear, nice, lovely.
"Kellemes" is pleasant.

"Kellemes" is sometimes used for people ("He is a pleasant person."), but it is more used for places, situations, feelings, moods.

I would say "kellemes" is a close match for "pleasant". Whenever you would say "pleasant", you can go for "kellemes". And the oppposite is "kellemetlen" - "unpleasant".

May 30, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/peter.kristof.hu

The meanings of the two words are overlapped. We use both words for people as well.
Here are the meanings of the two words from the Hungarian-English Learner's Dictionary with many English examples.

  • kellemes angolul – jelentések:
    comfortable adjective /ˈkʌmpf.tə.bl̩/ 2 kényelmes, kellemes (érzés)
    I don't feel comfortable in high heels.
    Do sit down and make yourself comfortable.
    nice adjective /naɪs/ 1 kellemes
    Did you have a nice holiday?
    We had some really nice food.
    Have a nice day/time!
    Thanks for ringing - it's been nice talking to you.
    You look nice in that dress.
    pleasant adjective /ˈplez.ənt/ kellemes (klíma, meglepetés, stb.);
    kedves (ember, mosoly, stb.)
    a pleasant smile/person
    a pleasant climate/day/surprise
    Harold did his best to be pleasant to the old man.
    It was pleasant to sit down after standing for hours.

  • kedves angolul – jelentések:
    dear adjective /dɪər/ 2 drága, kedves [always before noun]
    She was a very dear friend.
    He's one of my dearest friends.
    My dear Gina - how lovely to see you!
    fond adjective /fɒnd/ kedves, gyöngéd (érzés, emlék, stb.) [always before noun]
    Many of us have fond memories of our childhoods.
    friendly adjective /ˈfrend.li/ barátságos, kedves
    a friendly face/smile
    Our neighbours have always been very friendly to/towards us.
    good adjective /gʊd/ 6 jó, kedves, segítőkész
    a good friend
    He's very good to his mother.
    kind adjective /kaɪnd/ kedves, segítőkész
    She's a very kind and thoughtful person.
    It's really kind of you to help us.
    Please be kind to your sister!
    nice adjective /naɪs/ 2 kedves
    He's a really nice guy.
    She seemed very nice.
    She was very nice to me.
    It was very nice of her to drive you home.
    pleasant adjective /ˈplez.ənt/ kellemes (klíma, meglepetés, stb.);
    kedves (ember, mosoly, stb.)
    a pleasant smile/person
    a pleasant climate/day/surprise
    Harold did his best to be pleasant to the old man.
    It was pleasant to sit down after standing for hours.
    sweet adjective /swiːt/ 3 kedves
    It was really sweet of you to help.

May 31, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Zsuzsi97194

Thanks for a more extensive uses of these almost synonyms :)

May 31, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Zsuzsi97194

When you write a letter you address it to: Kedves Kai, not Kellemes Kai. but Kai might be kellemes (pleasant) to be with.

May 30, 2018
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