Izzy, essentially you'll have to memorise which noun has which gender, but Spanish makes it relatively easy, because in most cases you can see it from the ending of the noun.
If the noun ends with 'a', it's usually feminine. It's also feminine if it ends with one of the abstract-noun suffixes '-ción', '-sión', '-xión', '-dad' or '-tad'.
If the noun ends with a consonant or 'o', it's usually masculine.
But el día, el mapa, el programa, el aroma, y sí máshttps://www.practicaespanol.com/mas-de-40-palabras-que-acaban-en-a-de-genero-masculino/
I mess up the "un" and the "una" all the time and its very frustrating because in this program they want you to say "una hmaburguesa" and "un sándwich" and ppl keep saying one is masculine and one is feminine but there are no boy or girl sandwiches and they dont know if we are men or women so idk what word they want when im asked to translate. Does this make sense what im saying? If it does, someone help lol
Kassie, every noun in Spanish has a gender associated with it - either masculine or feminine. Sándwich is a masculine noun while hamburguesa is a feminine noun. Those gender terms usually don't describe the actual gender of the object (that's why these categories aren't called "male" or "female"), but they're just a grammatical marker. Masculine nouns use the same grammar as nouns that describe a man:
- Este sándwich es pequeño. - This sandwich is small.
- Este hombre es pequeño. - This man is small.
And feminine nouns use the same grammar as nouns that describe women:
- Esta hamburguesa es pequeña. - This hamburger is small.
- Esta mujer es pequeña. - This woman is small.
In particular, the gender of a noun determines what form of specific words you have to use when referring to that noun. Those specific words are mostly articles and adjectives, but also pronouns:
- Este es un buen sándwich. - This is a good sandwich.
- Esta es una buena hamburguesa. - This is a good hamburger.
using the pronouns este/esta, the articles un/una and the adjectives buen/buena.
Taza is a small, round container, usually used for drinking liquids. Cup is accurate. It's also a unit of measure equal to a cup. It also is used for where the water falls in a fountain: la taza de la fuente -- here it translates as bowl in English, but it still means cup here in Spanish. Taza is used for mug, the presence of a handle makes a thing no less a taza. Without further context, cup rather than mug is most usually correct, though.
La taza de la espada. The blade of the spade, if the spade is concave rather than basically flat.
El cuenco is the bowl/basin, but fregadero is sink, like for dishes, because that's where you scrub, fregar.
Un plato de sopa, literally a plate of soup, translates as a bowl of soup, though soup plates are a thing in English also, but less common.
Describing drinking vessels, in English, one cares about material primarily. Describing drinking vessels in Spanish, one cares about shape primarily.
Read this post from RyagonIV:
taza is only "bowl" when referring to "toilet bowl"
Okay, people. Listen up. The majority of feminine words end in a. In English, feminine means female. That means if you where to say abueLA, the A at the end is what's gonna give you a clue. If you have trouble finding the 'gender' of certain words in a sentence, it means that you need to look and see if pronouns, adjectives, verbs, and/or conjunctions have a at the end. This is a good tip for beginners.
T in English is aspirate, a little air escapes if you make the sound of 't' at the beginning of a word. In Spanish, it is inaspirate, no air escapes when pronouncing initial 't'. That can be hard both to pronounce and hear for English speakers. You'll get the hang of it as you study and hear more.