"A table for three people."
Translation:Una mesa para tres personas.
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These aren't amazing acronyms, but you can remember when to use "por" with 'DREEMS' (Duration, Reason, Emotion, Exchange, Mode [of travel/communicating], Substitution) and when to use "para" with 'PRODDS' (Purpose, Recipient, Opinion, Destination, Deadline, Standard [comparison wise]).
Because you count them, it's 3 personas. "Gente" is collective, like when you say "people", but "gente" is not countable.
(in Spanish): http://udep.edu.pe/castellanoactual/gente-o-gentes/
A number of persons seem to be having trouble with gender of nouns and articles, whether to say "una mesa" or "un mesa" (no). The first lesson in the Spanish series, called "introduction" has some tips on gender, el vs la, un vs una, and a number of exercises where one can practice the difference. The best advice I can give is to memorize each work with its article when you learn it - not "mesa is table", but "la mesa is table." And going back to review that lesson, "introductions", may help with the gender puzzle. There is a Latin proverb, "Repetitio mater memoriae est", if I remember correctly, "Repetition is the mother of memory."
There's no reason. No logical reason.
In Romance languages, words are feminine or masculine, but it's only the grammatical gender, not a real gender.
"Mesa" seems feminine, because it sounds like a feminine word (it ends with "a"), but be careful, because there are exceptions.
So, the better is to learn the gender each time you meet a new word (use a notebook and write them with their articles).
No, they are 2 different words, I'm not native, a good way is to find some video about this topic on youtube and immerse yourself by looking over and over again. Here is one I used : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1UsHmPkUx_o&t=171s
You cannot use "uno" in any situation.
A/an, for feminine nouns = una.
One, for feminine nouns = una.
So, here "mesa" is a feminine noun, it's "una mesa", "la mesa".
A/an for masculine nouns = un.
One for masculine nouns = un.
Because "uno" means "one", but when you use it before a masculine noun, it's apocoped into "un".
Look, EVERY noun has a gender in Spanish (and French, and German, and Italian, and....) English's lack of gender for nouns (except for "blond/blonde" and "brunet/brunette") is unusual among major languages, regardless of whether the noun refers to an inanimate object or not. Mostly genders of nouns are pretty arbitrary - in German, the word for spoon is masculine, the word for knife is neuter , and the word for fork is feminine. Go figure. Beer is neuter in German, but feminine in French. In Spanish, a shoe is masculine, but a boot is feminine; a woman's dress is masculine, but a man's shirt is feminine. Just learn the gender with the noun, and don't try to make sense of it.