"The bathroom is here."
Translation:El baño está aquí.
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Yes, estar is used to talk about a state or condition, but it is also used to talk about a location.
Estar: She is feeling happy today. She is in the kitchen.
You could think of ser as being about the inherent characteristic of someone or something. Ser: She is a happy person. She is tall. Some people use the acronym DOCTOR to remember ser. It stands for description, occupation, characteristics, time, origin, and relationship.
As AmineHadji1 mentioned above, use "está" when referring to places, and "es" when referring to something which just is.
The bathroom is here, in a specific place/location, so use "está".
The house is big, would be "la casa es grande"... here "es" is not referring to any location.
The cat is on the fence, would go: "el gato está en la cerca", because here you are referring to the cat's location, so use "está".
I'm not confused about the sentence, I'm annoyed that I lose health every time I accidentally brush the screen even when my finger is nowhere near the submit button. Narrow the active submit button mapping, would you? It's frustrating to get set back for such a stupid reason!
Estar is always used to talk about the location of anything or anyone. It can be as permanent as the Pacific Ocean or Australia; you must always use estar! (How you feel or where you are, you always have to use estar!) An exception would be if you are talking about where someone is from, then you can use ser because that is considered a characteristic of the person, not his location.
Ridiculous it's not "es" instead of "esta."
The location of the bathroom is temporary?! The bathroom could move any minute?! It might walk away later today? Ridiculous.
Estar declares a state or condition of being, which is typically temporary (such as feelings, temperature, hunger, et cetera) whereas ser declares a more permanent state of being (I am hispanic, I'm from Argentina, et cetera).
There's certainly a grey area between the two - where one could use either a cojugation of ser or estar depending on the situation and context. But the location of a frikken' bathroom is not one of those cases.
Welcome to learning another language. You will find a lot of exceptions to the rules which you will just have to accept. I see you're learning German, and you will find oddities such as the word for "girl" being a neuter word (not feminine). Don't get me started with French, LOL. Sure, they can be annoying, but after practicing it a couple of times, it will come naturally.