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A "pattern" noticed amongst certain phrases?

[deactivated user]

    I don't know quite how to word this post, I'm just noticing a pattern among certain phrases and I'm hoping someone will make a list of phrases that follow this pattern. You get words like "de regreso" and "de vuelta" and "de viaje" and so on, and I was just wondering if anyone knew any other words that followed this de+noun thing, I understand that all three of these aren't actually conjugations of the verbs though you may assume that's why they're like that, but they are actually words on their own (viaje = trip, vuelta = return, regreso = return).

    May 31, 2018

    5 Comments


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bath.man

    Estoy de vacaciones, de compras, de paro, de fiesta, de duelo, de parto, de merienda, de mudanza, de obra... son algunos ejemplos de estar+de en el sentido de "ejecutar una acción o seguir un proceso, o hallarse en disposición para ello"
    I'm on holiday/vacation, shopping, etc.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lrtward

    I think you'll find that the "de" accompanies the verb that precedes it, not the noun that follows it.

    Ex:
    Estoy de regreso. I am returning.
    El regreso fue un éxito. The return was a success.

    Estoy de vuelta. I am back.
    Dar una vuelta. Make a turn.

    Estoy de viaje. I am on a trip.
    El viaje fue largo. The trip was long.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Chilotin

    Those expressions are independent of verbs, they are adverbial clauses ("locuciones adverbiales"). "¿Tú de viaje? Es increíble."


    [deactivated user]

      So it does seem this way, thanks for pointing this out.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Chilotin

      They are adverbial clauses. Also "de nuevo" (again), "de ida" (going), "de noche" (during the night), "de día" (during the day), "de cabeza" (with the head in first place: "cayó al agua de cabeza"), "de palabra" (by words), "de beso" (with a kiss) and a very long list. I think this method is still productive for creating new clauses.

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