Using forms of 'estar' for condition and location is a good rule of thumb. "For how you feel or where you are, always use the verb estar."
With forms of 'ser', think DOCTOR. Description/date = Ana es bonita. Hoy es el 5 de mayo. Occupation = Ella es profesora. ¿Eres camarera? Characteristic = La camisa es grande. Tú eres interesante. Time = ¿Qué hora es? Es medianoche. Origin = Soy de España. Ella es americano. Relationship = Ella es mi abuela. Mi padre es el esposo de mi madre.
I am by no means an expert but I think I know the differences between ser y estar. Let me know if I made a mistake.
Pronoun Ser Estar
Yo Soy Estoy Tu Eres Estás Él/Ella/Ud Es Está Nosotros Somos Estamos Nosotras Vosotros/as Sois Estáis Ellos/Ellas/Uds Son Están
Differences between Ser and Estar.
Ser - Passive Estar - Active Ser - What something is Estar - What something does Ser - What you are Estar - What you are being/doing Ser - What something is Estar - How something is
List of when to use Ser and when to use Estar.
Ser Estar | | Description Position Occupation Location Characteristic Action Time Condition Origin Emotion Relationship
You can remember these by the first letter of each word. Ser - DOCTOR Estar - PLACE
Hope this helps.
Sorry the thing messed up.
Yo - soy estoy-------------- Tu - eres estás-------------- Él/Ella/Ud - es estás-------- Nosotros/as - somos estamos-------------------- Vosotros/as - sois estáis---- Ellos/Ellas/Uds - son están-
Ser - What something is. What you are. Passive.
Estar - How something is. What you are being/doing. What something does. Active.
Ser - Description, Occupation, Characteristic, Time, Origin, Relationship.
Estar - Position, Location, Action, Condition, Emotion.
You can think of it like "es" being similar to "exist", and "está" being similar to "just standing here (temporarily)". I use a memory trick: I take the "STA" in "eSTA" as a shorthand for "STAnding", because it reminds me that "estar" is for telling where something is located (where it "stands"), or about temporary STAtes. As for the other one, "eS" is kinda like "iS" or "EkSist", so it reminds me that it is used for describing permanent qualities and existence.
The verb "Ser" is for something of permanence. "Yo soy* una niña" - "I am a girl." I will, and will always be a girl. The verb "Estar" is for something that is more temporary. "El taxi está aqui." - The taxi IS here (but taxis don't just stay in one place so it won't be there forever) Hope this helps you <3
It's a very good question and one of the most confusing aspects of spanish verbs. This explains it fairly well:
Same issues for me. I've seen other comments argue "that's how they talk in spanish," well, that's great but I'm trying to learn and it's hard to learn when they're saying "el taxesta qui" I wouldn't want to learn English from recordings saying "I'ma go down der inabit" even though some people talk like that. Proper English, proper Spanish. That's how it should be.