I am by no means an expert but I think I know the differences between ser y estar. Let me know if I made a mistake.
Pronoun Ser Estar
Yo Soy Estoy Tu Eres Estás Él/Ella/Ud Es Está Nosotros Somos Estamos Nosotras Vosotros/as Sois Estáis Ellos/Ellas/Uds Son Están
Differences between Ser and Estar.
Ser - Passive Estar - Active Ser - What something is Estar - What something does Ser - What you are Estar - What you are being/doing Ser - What something is Estar - How something is
List of when to use Ser and when to use Estar.
Ser Estar | | Description Position Occupation Location Characteristic Action Time Condition Origin Emotion Relationship
You can remember these by the first letter of each word. Ser - DOCTOR Estar - PLACE
Hope this helps.
Sorry the thing messed up.
Yo - soy estoy-------------- Tu - eres estás-------------- Él/Ella/Ud - es estás-------- Nosotros/as - somos estamos-------------------- Vosotros/as - sois estáis---- Ellos/Ellas/Uds - son están-
Ser - What something is. What you are. Passive.
Estar - How something is. What you are being/doing. What something does. Active.
Ser - Description, Occupation, Characteristic, Time, Origin, Relationship.
Estar - Position, Location, Action, Condition, Emotion.
The verb "Ser" is for something of permanence. "Yo soy* una niña" - "I am a girl." I will, and will always be a girl. The verb "Estar" is for something that is more temporary. "El taxi está aqui." - The taxi IS here (but taxis don't just stay in one place so it won't be there forever) Hope this helps you <3
You can think of it like "es" being similar to "exist", and "está" being similar to "just standing here (temporarily)". I use a memory trick: I take the "STA" in "eSTA" as a shorthand for "STAnding", because it reminds me that "estar" is for telling where something is located (where it "stands"), or about temporary STAtes. As for the other one, "eS" is kinda like "iS" or "EkSist", so it reminds me that it is used for describing permanent qualities and existence.
It's a very good question and one of the most confusing aspects of spanish verbs. This explains it fairly well:
"El" is the masculine singular definite article (el libro, the book); "la" is the feminine singular definite article (la puerta, the door); "los" is the masculine plural definite article (los libros, the books); and "las" is the feminine plural definite article (las puertas, the doors).
Then I would have not only to remember the verb, but also the acronym (more stuff to remember), and I would have to go through that list every time I want to make a decision about which verb to use in speech. Too much resources wasted. I'd rather learn the proper usage in practice, using some template examples to let my brain get accustomed with it and bring it back automatically whenever I need to say something.