"Entender" is more "understand" and "comprender" is "comprehend." I read elsewhere on here from a native Spanish speaker that it can be understood to be slightly ruder to say "No comprendo" because it is sort of like saying "I can't even comprehend you." It could be interpreted to shift the blame onto the speaker rather than your fault for not understanding. They went on to say that "No comprendo" is perfectly polite if there is a loud noise or somebody else was talking.
That said, if they understand you are just learning, I doubt anybody would take offense to the subtle distinction.
Except that "comprehend" requires a direct object as it is only used as a transitive verb.
Both entender and comprender can be intransitive as well as transitive like "to understand" and unlike "to comprehend" So this particular sentence cannot use "comprehend." There are some uses of "to understand" that can only be translated by "entender".
Same here. I put "I comprehend" and it was marked wrong. I thought comprender could mean either comprehend or understand.
Seriously, "comprehend" should also be accepted for "comprendo", but not in this sentence because "comprehend" is a transitive verb which means it requires a direct object and this particular sentence does not have one, so you must use "understand" which can be transitive or intransitive which means it doesn't have to have a direct object.
Uuuummm, your supposed to type what you hear, meaning, keep it in spamish dont translate it to english. That might be why youngot it wrong.
Different forms of the exercise come to the same sentence discussion. “Comprehend” is also wrong for the translate from Spanish to English exercise as it requires a direct object, so we would use “understand” which can be used without a direct object as well as with one.
The verb "entender" is used more often to say "to understand", and should be included in this lesson.
“You can’t hear anything?”
“I can’t hear anything.” would be “No puede oír nada.” and “I hear nothing.” woulc be “No oigo nada.”
See if you can raise the volume or sound. Try listening to native speakers here: https://forvo.com/search/Yo%20comprendo/es/
I comprehend and I understand mean the same thing as far as I am concerned!
There is a difference in use though. “Comprehend” is a transitive verb in English which means that there must be a direct object, while “understand” can be used as a transitive verb and also as an intransitive verb as it is used here. You must say what you comprehend, but you can just say “I understand.” if you wish.
In Spanish both verbs, “entender” and “comprender” can be used as either transitive or intransitive verbs.
You do not necessarily need a direct object with comprehend. I agree. The Spanish word for comprehend sounds almost like the english word so why does it need to be so complicated???
To "give" is transitive. And yet, the sentences "I give." and "Doy." disprove your bad grammer lessons.
In English “to give” has both a transitive and intransitive use. So, just because a verb is transitive does not mean that it cannot be intransitive also. Scroll down past the transitive uses for the intransitive uses. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/give
However, since “to understand” is used both ways that may be why “comprehend” did not develop that second intransitive use. I suppose that you think the dictionary is wrong? https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/comprehend
WilliamEPo, I think you are missing the point. Nobody has said that the meaning is essentially different in any way. What they are saying, if I am not mistaken, is that if you want to say "I understand," then you MUST say "Entiendo" because "entender" does not require a direct object.
However, if you have some pressing need to use "comprender," then it requires a direct object, as in "Comprendo el arte moderno."
Sorry, it is the other way around. The two Spanish words may be used with or without a direct object. It is the English word “comprehend” that requires a direct object, according to the dictionary. The word “understand” can be used with or without a direct object.
“Comprehend” is not correct here, because it is a transitive verb which requires a direct object. It means “to grasp the nature, significance or meaning of....”