"I want to study."
Translation:Yo quiero estudiar.
You cannot use "yo quiero estudio", as "yo quiero" or "quiero" means I want,
and estudio or yo estudio means I study.
When you have 2 verbs that follows each other, the second one needs to be put in the infinite form: estudiar (to study)
I want - to study.
(yo) quiero - estudiar.
In these early Spanish lessons when we only have the simple present tense, the second verb in a clause is usually the infinitive. But in normal Spanish, the second verb is usually a participle. This is very common in both languages. The rule you state is not correct.
It is best to translate meaning. So if the meaning is "to study", then the infinitive is needed.
I suggest writing every sentence down and to start making conjugation charts on your own or check the info page for the chapter. There are four different kinds of verbs in Spanish and they all have slightly different conjugation charts. Be very careful with irregular verbs like ser (to be). Other than irregular verbs, there are Ar, Er, and Ir verbs in respect to the way the verb ends. For example, estudiar, is an Ar verb, escribir, is and Ir verb, and beber is an Er verb. They all will have slightly different ways to conjugate them depending on their respective endings. Irregular verbs like "ser" are going to be kind of funky and require extra attention to them in order to not mess up the conjugations so just memorize those separately. There are also the three different tenses that we have in English in Spanish, of course, such as future, present, and past tense forms of conjugation for each form of verbs. The verbs that don't fit into the Ar, Er, or Ir categories are irregular verbs. I will give you the present tense charts for each of the regular Ar, Er, and Ir verbs below. These regular verb charts I will give you will not change for all of the same type of verb but will not work for irregular verbs that don't have the three endings that I mentioned earlier.
estudiar - to study
yo estudio - I study
tu estudias - you (informal) study
el, ella, usted estudia - he, she, you(formal) study
nosotros, nosotras estudiamos - we study
ellos, ellas, ustedes estudian - they(all men but also women with the presense of at least one man), they (all women no men) you all(formal) study
escribir - to write
yo escribo - I write
tu escribes - you(informal) write
el, ella, usted escribe - he, she, you(formal) write
nosotros, nosotras escribimos - we write
ello, ella, usted escriben - they, you all write (see above for extra details)
beber - to drink
yo bebo - I drink
tu bebes - you drink
el, ella, usted bebe - he, she, you(formal) drink(s)
nosotros, nosotras bebemos - we drink
ellos, ellas, ustedes beben - they, you(formal) drink
I hope this helps. You can also look for the others on google but this should get you started on present tense so you can get through the lessons easier. I suggest writing this down in a notebook and doing the same with all other lessons like i mentioned above.
For now, just use a notebook to write every Duo word (vocabulary) or sentences (grammar), and only learn the present
You should learn a verb ending with -ar
A verb ending with -er
and a verb ending with -ir
If you learn one of each group (ar, er and ir), it will be really easier for you.
It's enough for now !
Estudiar: infinitive, to study, not conjugated.
Escribo = I write.
Escribes = you write (used with "tú", the singular formal you)
Just learn the estudiar and the escribir verb (only in the indicative present):
you will find easy all the other verbs ending with -ar, and with -ir!
Because the first verb needs to be conjugated, as a normal verb, and if a second verb is following it (without other word between), you use a non conjugated form (=an infinitive) for the 2nd one.
When you say "I study Spanish", (Estudio español), there's only a normal verb, no other verb is coming after it, as "Spanish" (español) is a noun (a language noun).
In English, it's the same in "I want to study", as "to study" is an infinitive.
We could also say that "to" is a preposition expressing a goal, but the second verb in Spanish, in the infinitive form also expresses a goal, the action of the first verb is applied to the second one.
I want what? to study.
Looking at your answer:
- Quiero = I want
- que = that
- yo = I
- estudié = I studied (past tense form).
That gives us "I want that I studied."
Not sure how you got to this solution or where estudie or estudié came from.
We are translating "I want to study." The verb is "I want" which is 1st person singular present tense of querer, so is quiero. (You can look these forms up at Cooljugator: https://cooljugator.com/es/querer)
Next comes "to study". That is the infinitive of the verb, and the Spanish is estudiar. Yes, two English words and one Spanish word.
So the answer is Quiero estudiar or Yo quiero estudiar, which is what Duolingo has at the top of this page. (The yo is optional - Duo usually includes it, Spanish speakers usually don't.)
Quiero = I want
Estudio = I study
Quiero estudio = I want I study
and that's not right. As Ayana says, you need the infinitive "to study" = estudiar. Quiero estudiar.
The yo is optional. Spanish-speakers usually omit it, Duolingo usually includes it.
Spanish does not like starting words with s, so it is estudio, not studio.