One of the easiest ways I've found to remember the difference is the phrase: "this and these have t's, that and those don't"
This/these = este/a (s) That/those = ese/a (s) Hope that helps people!
I read on a message board the following:
este (along with esta and esto) have the letter 't' in them and touch starts with 't' and I use these words when they are close enough to touch, thus it means this (or with an 's' these).
ese (along with esa and eso) all mean 'that' (and with the 's', those).
That piece of information has greatly helped me in distinguishing ese from este.
Esta for feminine nouns, and este for masculine ones. Just like una and un.
Also remember about the accent:
Esta = this (f) Está = conjugated form of estar (to be). Ex: "ella está aqui"
The letters 'b' and 'v' generate the same sounds in Spanish. So if you hear vestido as a single word (or generally after a pause or after the letter 'm' or 'n'), it'll sound like it begins with a 'b'.
Either a very British term for a woman's dress, or a monk's robe. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/frock
Speaker needs to pronounce the vowells at the end of his words more clearly. It sounds like he says "vestid"
The Spanish sentence is talking about a very specific dress, "this dress", "este vestido". You'd be fine with any dress, "a dress", "un vestido".
I wrote quito instead of quiero by accident. Everything else was correct lol
I eas so confused that i hot it wrong until i tealized i pressed store instead of I.
After a vowel, the Spanish letter 'd' is pronounced like an English voiced 'th' sound (as in "this"; IPA [ð]). Since that sound is formed in the same area of the mouth as the 'l' sound, it might sound similar.
A dress is "un vestido". Why would it be feminine?
"Una vestida" could mean "a dressed woman".
Whew! What do I know about Spanish? I know :vestido is DRESS.....BUT "un vestido" looks & sounds like a man is asking for a dress.
Un is a masculine article and it's used here because vestido is a masculine noun. There aren't any men involved.
Grammatical gender is inherent to a noun, and as long as you're talking about an inanimate object, its grammatical gender doesn't have anything to do with human gender stereotypes. Vestido is a masculine noun and corbata (necktie) is feminine.
Within this course, este/esta/esto always means "this", and ese/esa/eso always means "that".
Ese was this in one flash card and este was that IN ANOTHER. I DON'T UNDERSTAND!
Well in English this and that has to do with your tone of voice. Also has to deal with how you want to portray yourself. Such as if you say I want this hat your saying your more polite and have less attitude. If you say I want that hat it sounds demanding and will sound rude. So please tell us which means which.
"This" and "that" usually has to do with how far away some object is. (Or rather, how far away it is perceived.) "This" is used for objects that are close to the speaker, and "that" for objects that are farther away. "Would you put this book into that shelf there?"
In Spanish it's fundamentally the same, but there are three of these demonstratives instead of just two:
- este, esta, esto are the equivalents of "this" in English. They are used for things that are close to the speaker.
- ese, esa, eso are always translated as "that" in this course. They are usually used if an object is closer to the listener(s).
- aquel, aquella, aquello are also translated as "that" here. They are not used often, but are usually applied when something is out of reach for both speaker and listener(s).
Está (note that accents in Spanish generally go upward) is a conjugated form of the verb estar, "to be". So it means "he/she/it is".
- Él está ocupado. - He is busy.
- La televisión está en las sala. - The TV is in the living room.
Esta is a demonstrative, the feminine form of este. It means "this".
- Escucho a esta mujer. - I am listening to this woman.
- Esta falda es nueva. - This skirt is new.
I mostly use Duolingo on my phone, and the app works fine for me. I don't know why it didn't catch "quier" in your exercise. Have you tried testing it with a few deliberate errors?
Yes, actually, I purposely misspelled every single one of the words in the last three questions in that chapter, then I stopped b/c NONE of those things were caught. I reported them & took screenshots after I posted this question. It's odd b/c I have Duo installed to update automatically on my phone, so it should be completely new every day (or at least the phone says it's updating.) I mostly just use it to go over old things - but the biggest issues w/ those old things for me are spelling, accents and tenses!
Wow, I have no idea why it won't work correctly. I hope they can fix it soon for you.