To understand this, you must understand verb conjugations in Spanish in general. I can't cover all of that, mostly because there are many irregular verbs that do not follow the normal rules, but this should cover the basics.
Infinitive Verbs: Infinitive verbs have no person connected to them. They communicate the action of the verb, but do not communicate who is doing the action. For example, from Spanish to English: "dibujar" means "to draw" "esconder" means "to hide" "cortar" means "to cut"
Spanish has three verb "families." There are verbs that end in "-ar," verbs that end in "-er," and verbs that end in "-ir."
If a verb is not irregular, it will follow the same general present tense conjugation rules. (Conjugation is how we attach a verb to a person)
-AR Verbs: If a regular verb ends in "-ar," such as "cocinar" (to cook), it will follow this set of conjugation rules:
- Remove the "-ar" ending
- Add a different ending depending on the pronoun: Yo — "-o" Tú — "-as" Él/Ella/Usted — "-a" Nosotros — "-amos" (Only in Spain) Vosotros — "-áis" Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes — "-an"
So "cocinar" conjugated for "tú" would be "cocinas." Example: "Tú cocinas el pollo." — "You cook the chicken" or "You are cooking the chicken." Again, we will ignore irregular verbs for now.
-ER Verbs This follows a nearly identical set of rules as -ar verbs:
- Remove the "-er" ending
- Add a different ending depending on the pronoun: Yo — "-o" Tú — "-es" Él/Ella/Usted — "-e" Nosotros — "-emos" (Only in Spain) Vosotros — "-éis" Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes — "-en"
So "beber" (to drink) conjugated for "ustedes" would be "beben." Example: "Ustedes beben mucho agua." — "You (plural) drink a lot of water" or "You (plural) are drinking a lot of water."
-IR Verbs Again, these follow nearly exactly the same rules, but pay attention to the difference it does have:
- Remove the "-ir" ending
- Add a different ending depending on the pronoun: Yo — "-o" Tú — "-es" Él/Ella/Usted — "-e" Nosotros — "-imos" (Only in Spain) Vosotros — "-ís" Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes — "-en"
So "escribir" (to write) conjugated for "él" would be "escribe." Example: "Él escribe un libro." — "He writes a book" or "He is writing a book." BUT "Escribir" conjugated for "nosotros" would be "escribimos." Example: "Nosotros escribimos el diario." — "We write the newspaper" or "We are writing the newspaper."
So, to finally answer your question:
"Leer" is an infinitive. It only means "to read." It is a regular verb, so it follows the standard present tense "-er" conjugation rules.
"Leer" conjugated for "yo" would be "leo." Example: "Yo leo diariamente." — "I read daily."
"Leer" conjugated for "tú" would be "lees." Example: "¿Tú lees mucho?" — "Do you read a lot?"
"Leer" conjugated for "el," "ella," or "usted" would be "lee." Example: "Ella lee el diario." — "She reads the newspaper" or "She is reading the newspaper."
"Leer" conjugated for "nosotros" would be "leemos." Example: "Nosotros leemos bien en Español." — "We read well in Spanish."
"Leer" conjugated for "vosotros," which is only used in Spain, would be "leéis." Example: "¿Vosotros leéis revistas?" — "Do you (plural) read magazines?"
"Leer" conjugated for "ellos," "ellas," or "ustedes" would be "leen." Example: "Ellas leen en la computadora." — "They (all female) read on the computer" or "They (all female) are reading on the computer."
I really hope this helps! If you ever need help with verb conjugations, especially irregular ones, I would recommend asking someone who knows both Spanish and a language that you are fluent in. It's good to ask for help!
That's an incomplete sentence.
Could start with "do, don't, will, did, should" etc. You must specify the tense with additional words.
Native speakers may drop these sometimes, but there is no standard grammatical rule for doing so so there is jo guarantee that a speaker who drops it means a specific form.
Hi KshitizKam! As you get further into Spanish, you'll see that many many words function like this. If you scroll up a little, I think the answer given to Van113130 should help you, too. That list is not inclusive because there are more to add to the list, but it's okay to start there.
All you have to type for Duolingo are the correct words, not punctuation. As for Spanish keyboard layout, that all depends which Spanish keyboard you installed.
Here's the Windows 10 instructions. It's even easier to find on Mac OS X.
How to Change Keyboard Layout in Windows 10 https://youtu.be/WoIYsjEQN60
Are you reading a lot? Accepted.
Hi Van! As you get further into the language, you'll notice that many verbs adjust endings depending on who or what they do. For the most part, these word endings don't change from verb to verb. However, this is only a simple guide, and not a hard and fast rule.
Leo = I read
Lee = reads, use with 'usted', with he & she, and with other single individuals like "mi madre lee" = "my mother reads"
Lees = you read
Leen = they read
Leer = to read
Leemos = we read
Hi jad! Whenever you have a question, please do a copy/paste of your interpretation to one of these pages and there are some VERY knowledgeable people that will pinpoint what the confusion was. No matter, you are really just getting started and I hope you're having a good time with learning!
Hi oliver! Spanish is an interesting language, and you'll begin to get into it pretty soon. Addressing your comment, read is written in several forms. Leer = to read. I don't want to sound petty, but this question was answered in full at other points on this page. If you could please read through, you'll see much better answers than this one. It's still early days for you, but you'll find the early basics you're getting now will help immensely as you build your vocabulary. In the meantime, I hope you have fun learning! I'm having a blast :)
Hi 14Royal! It looks like you are quite new to Duolingo! Whatever you do, don't get frustrated!! There is a steep learning curve in the early segments, and one of those things to learn is basic conjugation, like leer, lee, leo, etc. Another VERY important thing to learn is to do a quick read through of the previous posts to see if your question or comment has already been addressed. Remember to read the TIPS at the beginning of each section, and use MORE to access your word list and the Duo dictionary. Have fun learning! It's great to have you here :)
It's called verb conjugation. TIP: Read the Tips before doing the exercises. It will answer most of your questions. And never fail to go back to redo sections for practice. It helps reinforce the learning.
leer is the infinitive = to read
All other forms of a verb are based on the infinitive. Drop the -er at the end and add -o to get I read = leo (present tense) Drop the -er at the end and add -es to get you read = lees (present tense) Now with that under your belt leo = I read lees = You read (singular informal)
Clear as mud now?! I hope I did better than that. Lol
(Yo) leo = (1st person sing.)
(Tú) lees = (2nd person sing. informal)
(Usted) lee = (2nd person sing. formal)
(Él/ella) lee = (3rd person sing.)
(Nosotros) leemos = (1st person pl.)
(Ustedes) leen = (2nd person pl.)
(Ellos/ellas) leen = (3rd person pl.)
"sing." = abbreviation of "singular".
"pl." = abbreviation of "plural".
Do you read much? Do you read a lot? What's the difference? Much is possibly more formal. It is certainly more flexible. I don't read as much as you. You read too much. How much do you read? Try substituting "a lot" in these sentences, and it is clear they do not make sense. Too a lot? No.
Is there another difference? Maybe. When I say "Do you read a lot?" I mean "Do you spend a lot of time reading? When I say "Do you read much?" I mean "Do you read many different things, on a wide range of subjects? Do you consume a great amount of written material?"
Perhaps I'm reading too much into it.