"Busca a" vs. "busca"

Could someone explain the difference between those sentences to be? I just don't get it...

" Juan busca a su hermana" "El hombre busca las llaves de ella" and "Maria busca la hermana de Juan"

Why does the first sentence use "busca a" and the other ones use "busca"?

Thanks a lot in advance!!

June 9, 2018


Juan busca a su hermana = the 'a' is the 'personal a' and it is used when the object of the verb is a person.

El hombre busca las llaves = the keys are not a person, so no 'personal a'

Maria busca la hermana de Juan = I would think this should be '...busca a la hermana...'

The "personal a" makes things, well, more personal. More special.

Escucho la música - I hear the music (or I listen to the music)
Escucho a mi mamá - I hear my mother (or I listen to my mother)

Veo el árbol - I see the tree
Veo a mi hermana - I see my sister

Eligo un beisbol - I pick out a baseball
Eligo a un amigo - I pick a friend

June 9, 2018

'Beisbol' is the sport, 'pelota de beisbol' is the term you were looking for.

June 9, 2018

Thank you so much! Does this rule only apply to persons, or to any living subjects, meaning pets and other animals included?

June 9, 2018

It applies to animals aswell.

June 9, 2018

It can also apply to a country. For example, you can say "Amo a mi patria" which makes it more special.

June 9, 2018

So can I apply it to anything that has a special meaning to me? Like... I don't know, stupid example, but if I have an emotional binding with my house, city, a certain object etc.?

June 9, 2018

There are a couple of bad/misleading examples there. Careful.

June 9, 2018

Related Discussions

Learn Spanish in just 5 minutes a day. For free.