Why is there a "se" in the Spanish sentence? Let's try to explain: in Spanish "sentir" is a transitive verb, so it always needs an object. When there is no object in the English sentence (because the real object is the subject) in Spanish you must use the reflexive pronoun: me, te, se, nos, os. I feel pain: siento dolor. But I fell fine: ME siento bien.
Sentir can be used reflexively, but it is not a reflexive verb per se. The issue is that sentir needs a noun object. So if you say that you're feeling a noun (like "the table", "your presence", "hunger", or just "it"), you use it in its base form, sentir. But if you feel somehow, i.e. you describe your feeling with an adjective (like "good", "hot", "tired"), you need to use the reflexive form, sentirse.
- Siento la mesa. - I feel the table.
- Podemos sentir tu presencia. - We can feel your presence.
- Él siente hambre. - lit. "He feels hunger."
- ¿Lo sientes? - Do you feel it?
- Me siento bien. - I feel good.
- ¿Ustedes se sienten calientes? - Do you feel hot?
- Sé que se siente cansada. - I know that she feels tired.
The meaning of "sentir" changes when it is used with a reflexive pronoun (sentirse), so that the action of the verb affects the subject of the sentence. Using reflexive pronouns is good for translating English passive voice into Spanish and vice versa, as in La mujer no se siente bien = The woman is not feeling well (An alternative to the translation "The woman does not feel well.") This is called mediopassive (middle) voice.
Definition of mediopassive as per the Merriam-Webster Dictionary:
Mediopassive voice is considered a form of middle voice, which asserts that a person or thing both performs and is affected by the action represented. In the dictionary, mediopassive voice is defined as "a form or voice of a transitive verb which by origin is of the middle voice or is reflexive and shows by its meaning that it is developing toward passive use, or is used in both middle and passive meanings, or is used only in passive meanings."
The definition implies that mediopassive voice demonstrates a shift of sorts in verb usage. The verbs are classified as ergative verbs, in which the objects of transitive verbs and subjects of intransitive verbs are typically marked by the same linguistic forms.
From the MIL website: Middle voice is a voice that indicates that the subject is the actor and acts upon himself or herself reflexively for his or her own benefit. In the case of plural subjects, the actors may, perhaps, act upon each other.
DL is automating its procedures for adding additional interpretations, so that all DL users can upvote or downvote translations and interpretations in real time, and so that feedback gets implemented immediately and democratically. It is my surmise that eventually enough people will weigh in so that ALL the acceptable ones will be listed on the webpage that tells whether a translation is acceptable or not.
To get your new input accepted or get offbeat translations rejected, downvote the “correct” sentence translation provided on this webpage, EVEN THOUGH IT IS ACCEPTABLE. What this does is to trigger the same page coming up again before the lesson closes. Then, you can use the translation that you thought was unfairly marked “incorrect.” At that point, the report button will allow you to enter your alternate translation/interpretation. Once enough people do this, both are accepted. Also, if you liked the translation on this page, it is equally important to upvote it AGAIN so that it will continue to be accepted.
Duo usually doesn't make a difference between contractions (like "doesn't") and their expanded forms ("does not"). But sometimes this automatic expansion doesn't quite work, so it'll mark your contracted form wrong. That might happen if you lose your internet connection during the lesson.
If you're talking about feeling somehow, i.e. you're describing your feeling with an adjective, then you have to use the pronominal verb sentirse. That means, you have to add the object pronoun when you conjugate it:
- Yo me siento cansada. - I feel tired.
- ¿Tú te sientes bien? - Are you feeling well?
- Ella se siente fría. - She feels cold.
I'm not quite sure why you want to add esta here.
There's not much difference between those. Normally in English you use the Simple Present to express that something happens continuously or habitually, i.e. on the regular. "I sit on this chair when we eat", meaning I sit there regularly whenever we eat, but I might not be sitting there right now.
The Progressive Present is used when talking about a one-shot action. "I'm sitting on this chair", meaning I'm doing that now.
With the above sentence, "The woman isn't feeling well" means that she is unwell at the moment. "The woman doesn't feel well" usually means that, too, but can also mean that she feel unwell more regularly.
They're reflexive articles, you use them when you have a reflexive verb for example 'to look' (verse). me veo bien? Do i look good? Si, te ves bien. Yes, you look good. They're actually 4 and almost every subject has its own, here's the listing: yo me + verb, tú te + verb, él/ella/usted se + verb, nosotr@s nos + verb, ustedes se, ellos/ellas se...
In English, you can say does not or doesn't and it is exactly the same thing. Translating a Spanish sentences into English allows for more options. I understand if i was taking an English sentence and translating it into Spanish. I should have gotten this correct. To get an incorrect all because of doesn't or does not should not have made my answer wrong!