"Do you have a brother?"
Translation:¿Tú tienes un hermano?
You can use 'tiene' as long as you use 'usted' as well to make it a formal question, e.g. ¿Tiene Ud. un hermano? 'Usted' usually shortens to 'Ud.' (with capital letter and full stop) in written Spanish.
In Spanish, you have to agree the verb form depending on what/who is performing the action:
Comer (to eat): yo como, tú comes…
Here's a guide on that: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/24939344
Tener (to have) is an irregular verb (not only does the ending change, but the root does too): yo tengo, tú tienes…
Here's a guide on tener: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/24214951
DONT SEND LINKS!!!!!!!!!! CLICKBAITTTTTTT
Why not "¿Tienes tú un hermano?" is promoted as answer? Is not it the one that is grammatically correct? It is accepted anyway.
You could say it, but it sounds more natural ¿Tú tienes un hermano?, or even more natural ¿Tienes un hermano?
Both are grammatically correct. I've heard ¿(Tú) tienes…? much more than ¿Tienes tú…?
When is Tu used with an accent (tú) versus without? What is the rule for that?
One-syllable words usually don't have an accent mark. However, there are some groups of words that may have, or not, an accent mark depending on their meaning, which are:
- tú (pronoun -> you) versus tu (possessive -> your)
- él (pronoun -> he/him) versus el (article -> the)
- mí (pronoun -> me) versus mi (possessive -> my; musical note -> mi/E)
- sí (adverb -> yes) versus si (conjunction -> if/whether; musical note -> B)
- té (drink -> tea) versus te (pronoun -> [to] you; name of the letter "T")
- dé (form of the verb "dar" -> give) versus de (preposition -> of/from; name of the letter "D")
- sé (verb -> I know) versus se (pronoun -> to itself)
- más (-> more) versus mas (-> but, synonym for pero)
Thank you! I haven't learned the basic rules and feel like lazy cow for posting rather than looking it up. But, muchas gracias for posting that.
I have surgery tomorrow and will not be able to do my Spanish this week. Will be back next week. I'm sorry to miss this week
¿Tienes usted un hermano? I would use to say do you have a brother... Tu tienes un hermano is more of a question response to someone finding out that the subject has a brother
Not necessarily. In Spanish, it is not necessary to change the structure when asking.
Note: ¿Tiene usted…? or ¿Tienes tú…? (or ¿Tenés vos…? in some Central and South American countries).
I got the "tu tienes" wrong twice in this lesson. Is there an easy way to remember "Tu tienes and el, ella tiene?" I mean some trick to make it kind of automatic when I'm trying to think in Spanish and not translating back and forth. I hope somepne understands my question.
Thank you. Guess I'm going to have to start using those accents and curly cues over the n's so I know the difference.
In Spanish, you have to change the verb ending depending on what/who is performing the action:
For example, comer (to eat):
yo como, tú comes, él come (I eat, you eat, he eats)
However, the verb "tener" is irregular. Both the root and the ending change:
yo tengo, tú tienes, él tiene (I have, you have, he has)
Here's a guide on how to conjugate verbs in Spanish: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/24939344
Here are some useful explanations about tener: https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/the-spanish-verb-tener and https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/24214951
Which one would a native speaker say? 1) Tienes un hermano? 2) Tienes hermano?
The given answer was " vos tenes " but this was not in the drop down hints,
what is the difference between tienes and tengo
Why sometimes have is tiene and sometimes its tengo? Tu tengo un hermanao? Why is this wrong
Spanish verbs have a different form depending on who the subject is. It's similar to the behavior of to be here: I am, he is, they are.
These are the conjugated forms of tener in the present tense:
- yo tengo
- tú tienes, vos tenés (regional)
- él/ella/usted tiene
- nosotros/nosotras tenemos
- vosotros/vosotras tenéis (only used in Spain)
- ellos/ellas/ustedes tienen
You might want to have a look at the following guides: