https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Seahorse66

masculine and feminine in Spanish

How do you know when something is masculine or feminine in Spanish?

June 14, 2018

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/psionpete

For nouns without a sexual gender you have to learn each gender individually although many nouns give you a hint e.g nouns ending in o are masculine and those ending in a are feminine but there are exceptions to the rule.

June 14, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Kelsie_Green

Unfortunately you have no choice but to memorize every word. There are guidelines, but there are exceptions to the guidelines. You'll get the hang of it though, I promise!

Feminine endings tend to be -a, -ion, -ad, -triz, -umbre (e.g. la chica, la reuniĆ³n, la ciudad, la actriz, la costumbre) and masculine endings tend to be -o, -ama, -ema (e.g. el chico, el panorama, el tema). Numbers, days, and months are also all masculine.

Here's a pretty decent summary: https://www.e-spanyol.hu/en/grammar/gender.php

June 14, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dimi_21-10.

masculine - "-o" feminine - "-a"

June 14, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Chilotin

Short rules: people and animals according sex or gender, the rest of the words, according to their endings (mostly -o for masculine and -a for feminine). We native speakers learn them one by one, through mistakes ;)

June 14, 2018
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