"These skirts cost a lot."
Translation:Estas faldas cuestan mucho.
Could someone please explain to me why the translation is "Estas faldas cuestan mucho" and not "Estas faldas cuestan muchas"? Why wouldn't mucho need to match number and gender in this instance?
Dictionary.com tells me that "a lot" is "a noun and adverb". Online and pocket dictionaries say "mucho" is an adverb, adjective, and pronoun (!). OK...?, but, I attended math and science schools where learning the parts of speech and how to parse were, ah, not valued. So I don't know how to apply the English vs Spanish parts of speech to this sentence to grok DL's translation of "a lot" in this particular sentence. Help?
Mucho is modifying the verb cost here (telling how much), not the noun skirts. So it's an adverb, which doesn't change its -o ending.
Adjective (agrees): Tengo muchas amigas. No quiero mucha ensalada.
Adverb (stays -o): Las chicas trabajan mucho. Me gustan mucho las faldas.
Sorry I gave the lingot here by mistake... I did give a lingot to Marcy65brown though as that was my intension
These skirts cost a lot - a lot applies to cost so it's an adverb. In Spanish, adverbs are invariable, so it's always mucho.
A lot of skirts - so a lot cannot be an adjective, because it needs the of. However, mucho is an adjective because you can apply mucho directly to a noun, where it has to agree with it (muchas faldas).
How many skirts do you have? A lot. - some dictionaries say that a lot here is a noun, some say it is a pronoun. In any case, you would translate A lot by Muchas to agree with faldas
"A lot of" is an idiom; so it doesn't need to be parsed or included in grammatical agreement. "many" or "much", on the other hand, are adjectives and are fair game for agreement.
I have the same question, but just love your use of "Grok"!! (I share your love of language and good sci-fi!!)
This is a massive problem for us who don't analyze before we speak. I value momentum in a conversation. I am deaf dumb and blind when it comes to differentating between adverbs and adjectives. Let alone put them in correct order. It's a true pain to get through these when there isn't a clear logic unless you belong to the small group that thrive on analyzing grammar.
You don't need to know any grammar to learn and speak good Spanish. Spanish kids don't. However, learning some grammar can speed learning.
Duo knows that grammar is hard and that people don't like to learn grammar. That is why Duo teaches mostly by example.
Duolingo Thanks for the upgrade in the system. It was great at first, BUT please see how to correct a problem with the Check & Continue buttons. I can type or use word bank ok. Check button is long at first, but gets short and jumps all over the place. Often goes to the bottom of the page. I got through the lesson yesterday after struggling with it Today,4-17-2019 Tried three times to complete a lesson. Each had 2-3 parts done before I HIT at the button wrong and Unintentionally ended the lessons. My "11-day streak" may go away, but I'm going to try again tomorrow. Thanks, Juawana
Hi, JC. This is a discussion page for users. It is not intended as a place to write to Duolingo. Sometimes a DL moderator will come by and read what is here. Hopefully one will do that soon and read your post.