A MI me gusta.... le, les, nos
A few things that baffle me about this area of Spanish are why the use of 'a mi' in 'a mi me gusta'??? Also what situations do you use le, les, nos and so forth? Everything begins to get a bit confusing for me when people ask things like; 'Do you like this', 'I like this'.
When to use le, les, nos, a mi before me gusta and why they exist. If possible please try to explain as simple as possible
Gracias a todos!
You have two things at play here:
1. The verb Gustar
The verb gustar does not mean "to like". It means "to please." In Spanish, people do not like things. Things please people. So you have the following:
Do you like coffee? = Te gusta el café?
Te (to you) gusta (he/she/it pleases) el café (the coffee)?
Does the coffee please you?
In the phrase "a mí me gusta" you could just as easily say "me gusta" (it pleases me). The "a mí" is added for emphasis:
me gusta = I like it
a mí me gusta = I like it. (I don't know about you, but I like it)
Pronouns in Spanish can be confusing to an English speaker because in English our pronouns are usually all alike, so we don't always recognize that there's a difference between direct object pronouns, indirect object pronouns, prepositional pronouns, and all the other kinds of pronouns that exist.
Direct Object Pronouns are directly acted upon by the verb.
Indirect Object Pronouns tell you to whom or for whom something is done
Prepositional Pronouns come after a preposition such as con, a
In "a mí me gusta", "mí" is a prepositional pronoun because it follows the preposition "a".
"me" is an indirect object pronoun, because the pleasing is being done to or for me.
The redundancy adds emphasis on the person. It's similar to "As for me, I like ...."
(A mí) me gusta(n) means I like (a ti) te gusta(n) means you like A él/a ella/a usted le gusta(n) means he/she likes/you like (A nosotros) nos gusta(n) means we like (A vosotros) os gusta(n) means (I hate vosotros omg) A ellos/a ellas/a ustedes means they like/ you (plural) like
Ugh, I hit “return” to start a new line but it always turns out like this.