"mein" is used for singular masculine or neutral, "meine" is used for singular feminine or plural
"mein Hund" "meine Katze" "mein Buch" "meine Hunde"
Man it would be nice if Duolingo actually explained things like this instead of leaving us to our own devices.
Well we have to test our abilities and be able to answer things for ourselves. Be glad some native speakers actually take this course :)
Well, we're learning as if we were native speakers. Just by memory and mechanization of the language.
What do you mean? Do you mean "How to make this into a question?" If so, there are two ways:
1) "Mein Hund ist schnell?" with rising intonation at the end. 2) "Ist mein Hund schnell?" with inversion and rising intonation.
You have to memorise the gender of each noun when you learn it.
Look up the noun in a good dictionary and it should tell you whether it is masculine (m), feminine (f/w), or neuter (n).
Best to learn each noun with its article, e.g. not "Hund = dog" but "der Hund = the dog" so that you know that Hund is a der word (masculine).
Don't worry, I almost made the same mistake :). But then fortunately I remembered the old Afrikaans word snel (must be from Dutch) that means fast, but isn't really used any more, these days in Afrikaans we use the word vinnig
Thank you for adding what it means in your language! It's helpful and also interesting to hear what it is in other languages
I find it humorous and ironic that the word schnell means "fast" instead of "slow", given that it sounds a lot like "snail"! :)
Heh. To me it sounds a bit like slide, or slippery, and slippery things slide fast, so it makes sense to me. :P
Why is it not "meinen Hund?" I saw on another forum that nouns that are neutral (using "der" instead of die or das) need an extra "n" tacked on. Is this selectively applicable? A Duolingo exercise used "keinen Käse".
Actually, "Hund" is masculine, not "neutral". "Mein" becomes "meinen" when the noun is an object. "I see my dog" -> "Ich sehe meinen Hund".
In this case, it's mein Hund because it's the nominative noun in the sentence - the subject in other words. The -en ending on masculine nouns appears when the noun is in the accusative. Nouns in the accusative case have an action being done to them.
Der Hai isst meinen Hund.
The shark eats my dog.
The shark is Der Hai, not Den Hai, because it's the subject. As the dog is having an action done it, being eaten, it's accusative and takes the -en ending.
According to the Larousse German- English online dictionary "the hound" (noun) = "der Jagdhund".
Can this be heard as either "Mein Hund ist schnell" or "Mein Hund isst schnell"? or is the second one wrong?
I'm not entirely sure, but I think you'd literally be saying "My dog eats fast." As if fast is something that can be eaten. Again, I'm not 100% sure on that.
You couldn't say isst because when talking about animals eating, you use the word frisst.
I agree, "fressen" is for animals, while "essen" is for people... BUT.. if you wanted to be cute about it, you could switch that around to say something like "Meine Frau frisst" .. My wife is eating (like an animal). Mein Papagei isst .. My parrot is eating (delicately, like a person).
SarinationX is correct with his/her answer, because Mein Hund ist schnell means My dog is fast, where as Mein Hund isst schnell means My dog eats fast which then is bassicly is a total different meaning
Yes it could be so heard. "Schnell" (in the base form with no adjectival ending), as well as being an adjective meaning "fast" or "quick", can also be an adjective meaning "quickly". As stated elsewhere, though, animals "fressen" rather than "essen".
This is a strange topic. I just tested out of these "Possessive Pronouns" and every single so-called "Pronoun" was actually an adjective....