"Señor, ¿usted usa el teléfono?"
Translation:Sir, are you using the telephone?
The direct translation is "sir, you use the telephone?" It should be "Señor , està usando el teléfono?" Which is more of a correct translation
Thank you--that is what I thought, that it should be "usando" for the English word "use." English words ending in "--ing" are called the "Present Progressive" or "Present Continuous" and refer to action happening now. In the Present Progressive tense, Spanish verbs ending in "ar" will end in "--ando"; verbs ending in "er" or "ir" end in "iendo." Here's a site that gives a good explanation of the tense and their endings: https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/spanish-present-progressive-forms
Usar: to use ;congugations; Yo "USO" ; Tú "USAS"; Él/ Ella/ Usted "USA"; Nosotros "USAMOS"; Vosotros "USÁIS"; Éllos/ Ellas/ Ustedes "USAN";
How important is the correct use of formal and informal in Spanish? Would a native who is a stranger to me be insulted if addressed by the informal form, either in error or not? Are they very strict about it?
A Spanish speaking friend of mine did say that some people will take the incorrect use of Formal and Informal as insulting. However if the person knows that you are not fluent in Spanish they will understand. If they think you spoke that way on purpose, they will be offended.
It can also be in simple present "Sir, do you use the telephone?"
How do you know to put the verb before usted? Necesita comes before but usa comes after.
the given translation has an alternative of "are you using the telephone sir?" but is not accepted as a correct answer
"Usa" is the conjugated version of the verb 'Usar', which means "to use". "Usted usa el telefono" directly translates to 'You use the telephone'. But because there are question marks, we change the sentence to "ARE you using the telephone?".
Why is it usa. I am confused about what you use for masculine and feminine with verbs and nouns and how does this relate. Sorry it does not make sense to me
Verbs aren't feminine or masculine. The "a" and "o" endings are due to the conjugation of the verb e.g. I use "uso" vs Sir uses "usa"
We need more info and real instruction. And responses to issue. My opinion only. Any one now of any other good language learning programs ???
Spanish has two forms of the second person, you. There is an informal 'you' and a formal 'you'. When the formal 'you' is used, like in this sentence, the verb is conjugated just like it is for the third person (he/she/it). The use of 'senor' (with a tilde on the n - can't do it with this keyboard!), which means 'sir', clues you in that the formal 'you' is being used.
Just realizing that if i knew señora meant an elderly woman as well i should have know, guess it sort of got me by surprise because the first thing that came to mind was that mujer means woman and not señora as well at the time. Just one of those things. Just have to be alert