"It is worse for him."
Translation:É pior para ele.
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"Para" basically means "for","to", "towards", "in order to" "Por" basically means "for", "by" ,"through", "via"
You use "para" when you express something as a purpose, an aim. You're replying yourself-- what do you do that for? What's the purpose of it?
"Para" is used to indicate direction or destination (TO /TOWARDS) -->E.g. I go to the city (Eu vou para a cidade) para=TO=a destination
"Para" is also used to indicate a purpose (FOR/ IN ORDER TO) -->E.g. In order to sleep, he drinks a glass of milk (Para dormir, ele bebe um cope de leite.) para=IN ORDER TO=aim/purpose of sleeping
-->E.g. I need the spoon for eating/I need the spoon to eat. (Eu preciso do colher para comer.) para=FOR=TO=purpose of eating
"Por" is used when you seek the reason why. Why do you do that? On behalf of who? For who? E.g. I buy the dress for my daughter.(Eu compro o vestido por minha filha.) por=FOR=on behalf of my daughter
"Por" is also used when referring to numbers. FOR how much? For how long? E.g. He sells the table for 10000 dollars. (Ele vende a mesa por 10000 dólares.) por=FOR+NUMBERS
"Por" can be used to answer the question : by whom? E.g. That table was bought by him. (Naquela mesa foi comprado por ele.)por=BY=by him
"Por" is used when depicting movement too, like by foot, via/through the door. E.g. The king runs through the gate. (O rei corre pelo portão.) por=VIA=THROUGH by movement por + o portão =pelo portão
I think para is correct because it has the sense of "for the benefit/detriment of," which is the function of the indirect object, and "ele" is an indirect object here. "Por" doesn't seem to convey that same meaning in Portuguese.
My guess is that it's because "o pior" is a superlative: "worst" or "the worst," whereas the construction in the sentence is simply a comparative. "pior" = "worse."