"Do you feel happy?"
Translation:¿Te sientes feliz?
Reflexive means that object of the verb (what the verb is done to) is the same as a subject of the verb (the person doing the verb). Think about how a mirror "reflects."
Now, certain verbs in Spanish must have an object. Many of these are 'grooming' words (shower, etc.) but "sentir" is also one of these words. That is, it must have an object. Now, since you feel your own emotions, the object of feel will also be "you", te. (The reflexive pronouns are special. me, te, se, nos, se.) Without the pronoun (in this sentence, "te") the sentence doesn't make sense in Spanish.
Similar things happen in English. If I just say, "Let me introduce..." the sentence sounds incomplete. Introduce WHO!? I need to have an object, so I might say, "Let me introduce myself." the -self words are reflexive pronouns in English.
Now, you also asked how to know if a word/sentence is reflexive in Spanish. You can tell if a pronoun is reflexive by its form (the ones I listed above). If a verb has the same subject and object (in the above sentence, "TE sientES feliz," the "te" is the object and "ES" shows the subject, and they are the same person, so it is reflexive. If you are creating a sentence and want to use a verb, you just have to memorize what Spanish verbs are reflexive--that's the only way.
@Nick_Pr and interested readers
If you are creating a sentence and want to use a verb, you just have to memorize what Spanish verbs are reflexive--that's the only way.
I want to clarify something that Nick could have elaborated on and clarified this aspect himself if he had more time to write about every aspect of the topic. This verb that we are discussing, sentir, is not necessarily always used reflexively.
the conjugated verb is transitive:
Sentimos mucha alegría al enterarnos.
― We were very happy to hear about it.
Sentimos mucha pena al enterarnos.
― We were very sorry to hear about it.
― to find out; (other meanings can be found in the dictionary)
Evelyn, 'tu' (without the accent) is a possessive adjective meaning your. Don't confuse this with 'tú' (with an accent) which is the subject pronoun meaning you. In this sentence the verb used is actually reflexive (sentirse) meaning that the subject and object of the verb is the same. Reflexive verbs always use the indirect object pronoun (me, te, le, nos, os, les).
Reflexive verbs always use the indirect object pronoun (me, te, le, nos, os, les).
No, reflexive verbs do not use indirect object pronouns. Reflexive verbs use reflexive pronouns. These two pronoun classifications are different to each other in the third person.
Probably. It seems strange that Duo is saying that, "contento/a," means, "happy." Contented is a bit like happy, but not really the same.
Oddly, the definition here: https://dictionary.reverso.net/spanish-english/contento doesn't mention the English word, "contented," but SpanishDict does: http://www.spanishdict.com/translate/contento
Granted the two English words have slightly different contextual meanings however they are sometimes considered synonyms (even in English). I always think of that 'content' feeling one gets after a really good meal (definitely a happy feeling).
What is really important here is how Spanish treats its two words. Most sources I've seen treat 'contento' as a lesser form of 'feliz'. Either of which could mean 'happy'.
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They're not articles, they're pronouns.
Tú is the subject pronoun: "Tú caminas." As a subject pronoun, it is generally optional.
Te is the direct object pronoun: "Yo te amo." It must come right before the verb.
In Spanish, emotions are expressed as reflexive verbs. "Te sientes feliz" is literally "You feel yourself happy", to distinguish it from feeling other things, like cats.
First of all, "are you feeling" would be "estás te sintiendo". It shows up better in the 3rd person, so I'll illustrate that way. What you said was "Does he feels?"
Second, Spanish does not use the continuous aspect nearly as much as English does, and when it's used, it's not in the same contexts as in English. 97% of the time, English simple and continuous is best translated in to Spanish as simple.
... Even if it did, you said "Does you feel."
Huh? Maybe I don't get it. Are you telling Cheryl that her Spanish sentence structure and composition are incorrect in the same way that the Duolingo English sentence becomes incorrect if we replace the English word, "Do" with the English word, "Does"? Is this your point?
Duolingo English sentence:
Do you feel happy?
Compare with the English analogy that was discussed by Rae.F:
Does you feel happy?
Yes. "Haga" is the 3rd person singular present subjunctive conjugation of "hacer".
So even if Spanish did use do-support to conjugate its verbs (which it does not, that's fairly unique to English), it would have had to be the 2nd person singular present indicative "haces".
No, that has nothing to do with it. The course contributors would include both "¿Te sientes contento?" and "¿Te sientes contenta?" as entries in the prompt's answer database.
"Feliz" and "contento/a" are not perfect synonyms.
The Spanish word, "feliz," is an adjective. It is not a noun. If you are determined to create a Spanish sentence without using reflexive Spanish, then you are going to need to use a noun (direct object) instead of an adjective (feliz) in your Spanish sentence.
Instead of functioning as a reflexive verb, the verb, sentir, functions as a transitive verb in the next example. On the other hand, it is much more common for this verb to be used reflexively for the purpose of describing internal feelings.
El atleta dijo que sentía alegría y satisfacción por el logro del campeonato.
― The athlete said he felt joy and satisfaction about the attainment of the championship.
another online example of sentir in the role of a transitive verb:
Ella sentía alegría en su corazón.
― She felt joy in her heart.
It's just that only one version of the answer can be displayed at a time.
The fact that only one version of the answer can be displayed at a time is besides the point. The real point is that Duo made a mistake. And whenever Duo makes a mistake, it needs to be reported.
You are misinforming people when you tell them that it is just ... (nothing to worry about)
I must admit that you and I have no way of being sure about how to interpret the post by Abdo_Missoumi. So maybe I am the one who has misinterpreted the post by Abdo_Missoumi instead of you.
If I find out that Duo did not mark the answer wrong, then I will wish I would have kept my mouth shut.
A few reasons.
You don't conjugate verbs like that. It's the equivalent of "he is feels". That would need to be "estás sintiendo".
Spanish does not use the progressive aspect the same way English does. You mostly use it to emphasize that something is actively in the process of happening right now. And that's not really appropriate for this verb.
Sentirse is reflexive. You need the direct object pronoun "te".
¿Te sientes feliz?
Each prompt has its own database of answers, which the volunteer course contributors manually curate. There are bound to be oversights and inconsistencies between prompts. If you are 100% positive that your answer is valid and typo-free, go ahead and flag it before moving on and report "My answer should be accepted."
That is a strange error. "Sentís" is the vosotros form. What exactly was your answer?
It is more pertinent to the issue that rooseveltnut2 is describing if we post a link to the conjugation of the reflexive verb.
Using my link, everyone can see the evidence that Duo made a mistake. This needs to be reported. But in order to report this problem to Duolingo, it is necessary to enter an incorrect answer when doing this exercise.
Therefore I have the same question as Rae.F
Which incorrect answer did rooseveltnut2 enter in order to prompt Duo to present the strange error?
This user forum is for learners to help each other understand the lesson. This is not the place to leave feedback for the course contributors.
However, if you want insights into possible reasons you were marked wrong, please copy and paste what you wrote into your comment so that we can see it for ourselves.
We (students) only have a small window of opportunity to do a report. Reports must be done at the same time that we do the exercise.