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When to use "Nový, Noví, Nové"???

Good Day,

I'm having some difficulties when recognizing when to use 'new' in Czech. It confuses me and I can't seem to find a way to "rule it" in a simple way when I look at a sentence in English.

Any help is appreciated.

June 19, 2018



The English sentence won't help you, I'm afraid - the ending depends on the gender and case of the associated noun.

This page seems to have a nice overview (click the links at the top for the other genders): http://www.locallingo.com/czech/grammar/adjectives_declension_masc.html


Take a look at the tips and notes for the skills "Masculine", "Feminine", or "Neuter" (they all have this same info, plus more):

There are two types of adjectives in Czech, hard and soft. They differ in their endings:

In the singular nominative form, which is all that we are learning for now, the hard adjectives have endings that depend on the gender as follows:

-ý in masculine, e.g., mladý muž (young man) or velký strom (big tree)
-á in feminine, e.g., mladá žena (young woman)
-é in neuter, e.g., malé dítě (small child)

In the singular nominative form, the soft adjective endings are the same regardless of gender, -í:

další muž (another man), další žena (another woman), and další dítě (another child)
poslední dům (the last house), poslední věc (the last thing), and poslední zvíře (the last animal)

For now, consider nominative the base form of many words.

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