words order in conjunctions
Everything has been going well I had some German from my younger days living in Berlin so I was not a complete beginner but it was probably pub Deutsch which seemed ok after a few beers. However now i am attempting to learn this wonderful language. I am struggling very badly with the sentence endings, mainly verb positions with conjunctions and getting everything wrong, which is disappointing after such good progress Is there a German speaker in this forum who could explain this better than duolingo? I would love to hear from anyone who could assist. Thank you.
Hello! Verb Conjugation struggles are a common thing with relatively new German learners, so you're not alone! :) However, everyone CAN learn conjugations by following these simple rules: Ich (I) - "e" ending - Ex. Ich wohne (I live), Du (you) - "st" ending - Ex. Du wohnst (You live), Er/sie/es (he/she/it) - "t" ending - Ex. Er wohnt, sie wohnt, es wohnt (He lives, she lives, it lives), Wir (we) - "en" ending - Ex. Wir wohnen (We live), Ihr (plural you, as in you all/"y'all") - "t" ending - Ex. Ihr wohnt (You all live), sie and Sie (lowercase "they," uppercase formal "you") - "en" ending - sie wohnen, Sie wohnen (they live, You live), A good way to remember all of this is the acronym ESTENTEN. Each letter represents the endings, remember these in order! See, not too bad, right? If you have any questions, feel free to ask me! Hope this helps! :)
Whoa! Sorry! I checked Duolingo Discussions again and I realized that you had said CONJUNCTIONS and not CONJUGATIONS! You'll get to verb conjugations later, I believe... You're not the only who has struggled with conjunctions, I've seen many posts about your very question! Let's dive right in! The conjunctions that involve no sentence construction changes are words like aber and und. They're simple to use because as I said, they don't really require any verb shifting: Es ist kalt aber sonnig (It is cold but it's sunny.) Denn is also pretty simple and is my favorite way to say "because," due to the fact that there is also 0 word shifting involved: Ich esse eine Pizza denn ich habe Hunger (I am eating a pizza because I'm hungry.) Weil on the other hand is the more common one, but requires a sentence structure change. Pay attention to this one, it's important!!! First, separate your "because" sentence into the two clauses it's made of: I am eating a pizza. I am hungry. Now, join the two with your conjunction: weil. Ich esse eine Pizza weil ich habe Hunger. This is still NOT correct... move the verb in your second clause, to the end of the clause. The verb of the second clause is habe. The sentence becomes: Ich esse eine Pizza weil ich Hunger habe. That is the correct way to use weil. All the other conjunctions are pretty simple. Ask me if you have any questions!!! Hope this helped! :) Sorry again that I thought you had said conjugations! I kept the post up however because it provides you with some extra information you might need/want to know! ;)