German Accusative Case Help!
I recently started German not to long ago, and have been having fun, up until I reached the Accusative Case lessons. I've been finding it difficult to remember which version of, "Drink", or which version of, "the", to use, etc. If anyone would have some tips that would me help memorize the different versions of these words, that would be fantastic. Danke!
‘Den’ is the only new ‘the’ that replaces ‘der’ in the accusative. You don’t have to worry about changing ‘das’ or ‘die’. What do you mean by forms of ‘drink’?
If you have problems remembering material covered in a skill:
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- take notes (e.g. write down difficult or interesting sentences, structures or words, add comments)
- make your own tables using words from the exercises. If you have problems with “drink” or the different articles, write out all the forms based on the information in the tips and notes.
- keep working on the same skill for as many levels as you need to “get it”. The same grammar issues and vocabulary will be repeated plenty of times through the levels. You can work on a few skills at the same time if it gets too repetitive, but don’t progress further until you feel you are ready.
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Thank you so very much! Here's a lingot!
Yes slamRN, thanks for noticing! It's a pun...
ahau.3 said: "Verbs are not declined but conjugated."
Accidence deals with conjugation and declension.
Credit where it's due; I pinched the joke from Anthea Bell, the English Translator of the Asterix books. To see the joke in its full glory, you'd need to read Asterix the Gaul (in English)
Hello Justin! Welcome to learning German! I wish you luck and have a lot of fun!
First off, "trinken" is the infinitive, or the basic form, of the verb 'to drink'. It can be conjugated in a few different ways.
It's conjugated like this:
Ich trinke (I drink)
Du trinkst (You drink (Informal))
Sie/sie trinken (You(Formal)/They drink)
Ihr trinkt (You drink (Plura))
Wir trinken (We drink)
Er/sie/es trinkt (He/she/it drinks)
Notice that each conjugation has a different ending:
ich trinkE (I drink)
du trinkST (You drink (Informal))
Sie/sie trinkEN (You(Formal)/They drink)
ihr trinkT (You drink (Plural - informal))
wir trinkEN (We drink)
er/sie/es trinkT (He/she/it drinks)
(Here is a good table showing you what I showed you above.)
These endings apply for all other German verbs. I'll give a few examples:
ich habe ein Apfel. (I have an apple.)
du hast ein Apfel. (you have an apple (informal))
The -en ending applies to all plurals (except for "ihr".):
wir haben viele Bananen. (we have many bananas.)
die Männer hassen Aprikose. (the men hate apricots. - not always true, eh? :D)
...except for "ihr":
ihr liebt Fußball. (you(plural - informal) love football)
ihr esst Äpfel. (you(plural - informal) eat apples)
I hope this helped you!!
If you have more questions, please ask! :D
These endings apply for all other German verbs. I'll give a few examples
Hello, Dessert-Rose. I really admire the effort and thought you put into your posts. I even gave someone a link to your stuff on cases earlier today :)
Your statement probably needs to mention that there are exceptions:
The verb sein has very different endings... and there are others; I'm thinking of er mag Schokolade
Well, to be honest, I'm really just thinking about chocolate, but you get the idea.
Hi npLam! Thanks for sharing my stuff, I saw it!! :D
Yes, I will add that! (I did that originally but couldn't think of any exceptions just then, so I changed it.)
(Note: I'm really indebted to you and all of the lovely people who have helped me so far in my German. I'm going to make a post once I reach an 100 D-streak and thank everyone for their time, patience and help! I'm looking forward to that terribly!