"El maestro habla con dos hombres."
Translation:The teacher is speaking with two men.
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Duo will spend a lot of time on the present tense before it moves on to past and future. "Habla" is "he speaks" or "he is speaking". "He spoke" is "habló".
Because that's the 3rd-person singular of "hablar".
Spanish grammar works differently than English grammar.
The Spanish "él habla" can be translated into English as "he speaks" or "he is speaking", depending on what's more appropriate to the context.
"Él está hablando" is reserved for when he is in the middle of speaking right now, so please don't interrupt him. It is not used to put it in the future the way we do in English.
Also, "hablando" is only the participle of the verb. It can never be used as a noun the way the English "speaking" can. We can say "Speaking is ..." but in Spanish that must be the infinitive: "Hablar es ..."
(All of this goes for all verbs. There is nothing special about "hablar".)