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German Vocabulary Definition Help

When I answer a question and don't understand it, I go to the discussion page. Most explanations use words like "Clause", or "Accusative Case" or "Nominative Case" and Imperative. I need help understanding this, please.


June 20, 2018



There are a few different cases in German, each one using their own types of words and phrases. The first case is the Nominative case, which is used for objects performing actions. To test if a sentence is in the Nominative case, ask yourself a who/what question. For example: Der Mann schläft. Who sleeps? The man. That is nominative because it talks about the man as performing an action. The next case is the Accusative case. It is used for objects that are affected by a verb. Ich sehe den Mann. What do I see? The man! Next, there's the Dative case. The dative case shows the indirect object of a verb. (An indirect object is an object affected by a verb). Ich gab der Frau einen Apfel. Who did I give an apple to? The woman. Finally, we have the Genetive case. It concerns possessions. Das Auto des Mannes ist schwarz. Whose car is black? The man's. Those were the four cases. Notice the word changes for each one! That's important! Also, you were wondering what a clause was... It's just a group of words! If you have any questions feel free to ask me! Hope this helps! :)


No problem! Happy to help! :)


Dessert-Rose posted this the other day: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/27682943
I don't think it mentions imperative, which is when someone gives an order.

The proper definition of a clause is quite complicated and i'm not sure i entirely understand it. This might get you started: A clause is a part of a sentence.A clause has only one main verb.
I like fish is a sentence which has only one clause.I like fish and I will always like fish is a sentence which has two clauses.


Oh yeah! I forgot to mention Imperative! As npLam said, it expresses commands/gives orders. An example would be: Fragen Sie den Mann da. Ask that man there. Who am I asking? That man there. (The reason I do the questions afterwards is to show the differences between what each case is talking about!) Also, keep in mind that imperative sentences can be set up the same as questions: Fragen Sie den Mann da? Are you asking that man there? Fragen Sie den Mann da! Ask that man there! It depends on the context!

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