clearly "alle" can mean "everyone" sometimes..... such as in this example
It seems to me that in English, you would also say: Alle mögen ihn --> All like him. More specific example: All kids like him. I guess this is the same...
On the audio it is very hard to tell the difference between ihn and ihnen, especially as lots of Germans tend to swallow the second sylabble of Ihnen giving Ihnn
How can you tell the difference between "everyone likes him" and "he likes everyone" if in some sentences, the german "everyone" and "him" are switched around?
he likes everyone is "er mag alle", so nominative er rather than ihn and mag (likes) rather than mögen (like)
Quick answer: alle is everyone and alles is everything.
The whole story is more complicated and judging by websites on this subject not all native German understand the fine details. Here's a You tube vid to get you started (although don't try to copy his strong Ami-accent) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nfxbcG9BeSY
Don't know if you can call it a phrase, since it's one word, not two. It translates to "thank you very much."
Danke schon! means thank you in german even though it should be danke du.
it is the difference between everyone likes him and he likes everyone
In English, if a man saw you, then you could say: "He saw me". But, if you saw the man, then you could say: "I saw him". "Him" means that something is done on the man.
Is not "ihn" the declension of the personal pronoun "er" in the Accusative Case?
If it says "mögen" rather than "mag" does it mean "everyone like him?"
Jein :-) Your sentence is wrong in English because "everyone" means "each person" and must be singular. But, I think, you're reasoning along the right lines in that "mögen" in this sentence implies that "Alle" is plural. A way to force the plural in Englis is to say "we/they all like him"
ihn is "him" in the accusative case (like "him" as a direct object in an English sentence), and ihm is "to him" in the Dative case (like an indirect object in an English sentence). I hope that helps!
Why it says "Everyone likes it" is correct solution too? Seems wrong to me
In the lesson notes it says mögen is used for "people, animals, and things"; does it mean to say that it is used for nouns more generally or can it not be used for abstract nouns? eg Can one say "Ich mag... quiet/happiness/tranquility" etc?
(Please excuse the English substitutes here! I am not far enough through the course to have adequate vocabulary to present these words in German yet!)