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Countable singular nouns always need an article or another determiner.
Who knew that "no" was a determiner? =]
But also a "quantifier" and a "negation".
Determiners are a tricky little thing:
Some used to consider them adjectives:
These become somewhat important to know as these are one determiner of whether the descriptive comes before or after in Portuguese. Hence why cardinal & ordinal numbers are determiners so come before the nouns in PT (well, the exception – always an exception – being the nobles like kings... Dom João IV as an example). :)
Don't mind me. Just typing out loud... :)
You can only omit the article if the noun is considered uncountable: "I don't have water," "I don't have mashed potatoes," "I don't have fat on my belly."
In your uncountable belly example, the article is replaced by "my" which is a different type of determiner.
Do we have a stomach button, or a belly button? Do those who have pierced buttons wear stomach rings or belly rings? If one dives poorly into the swimming pool is it a stomach flop or a belly flop? Is it, the stomach of the beast, or the belly of the beast? Do we stomach dance or, belly dance? Stomach laugh or, belly laugh? Beer stomach, or beer belly? When something dies does it go, stomach up or, belly up? Do we stomach up to the bar or, belly up to the bar (hopefully not a lot of children doing that)? Do we get Delhi stomach or, Delhi Belly? Do we have, a fire in the stomach or, a fire in the belly? A stomachful or a bellyful? Is someone, lower than a snake's stomach or, lower than a snake's belly? Do we have, a soft understomach or, a soft underbelly? Is a coward a, yellow stomach or a yellow belly? Jelly stomach or, Jelly belly? Do we, stomach out or, belly out? Potstomach stove or, potbelly stove? A pregnant stomach or, a pregnant belly? Pork stomach or pork belly? Do we rub, Buddha's stomach or, Buddha's belly for luck? Does he crawl on his stomach or, crawl on his belly
These are pretty complex for just children.
Indeed, these are mostly adults:
Belly refers to the midriff, the abdominal area that also includes the stomach organ (the pink one):
Tummy is a word used with children to talk about the stomach, usually when it hurts. Some people use these words (tummy, stomach) to describe the general abdominal area such as with a tummyache/stomachache, even if the pain is actually in the intestines (gut - which can be another word for, paunch), or bowels. However, that does not make tummy/stomach the correct words to use. But, "bellyache" in English tends to mean complaining.
On the other hand, even tummy is not restricted to just children. Indeed, adults these days are having far more tummy troubles than children.
A marvelous bird is the pelican; its beak can hold more than its belly can...
I agree that "belly" carries a juvenile or silly connotation, but I'm not sure I agree that "stomach" is the only (or optimal) choice for this translation (NE US native speaker). The Portuguese sentence seems to be indicating that the speaker doesn't have a lot of abdominal fat, not e.g. that they have had their GI tract completely reconfigured! Personally, in this context I would say "belly" if I'm being precise, and "stomach" if e.g. I'm too embarrassed to say the word "belly" (maybe I do have a bit of a paunch, but I'm in denial).
This has been explained more than once here.
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For "countable" nouns in English there needs to be a determiner of some sort so, "a belly" or, "no belly":
For "countable" nouns in English there needs to be a determiner of some sort so, "a belly" (I do not have a belly) or, "no belly" (I have no belly):