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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ege1212

what is the purpose of 了 in this sentence ?

我看见了你的孩子

June 25, 2018

11 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JoshBaxter4

It makes it past tense I think.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PhilipDiller

completed action, past tense marker


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Rey_De_Corazones

了 is a past tense marker. It means the action was already completed. In this case, it means I saw your kid.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/malalala930

Be careful. Many speakers of European languages often equate 了 with past tense. While It can be translated that way, that's not what 了 really is. Rather than tense, it represents aspect, in this case a completed aspect of the verb. Remember that Chinese has no tense. A lot of European language speakers, when starting out speaking Chinese, tend to add 了 wherever they would use past tense in their native languages, and it makes their Chinese sound very unnatural.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Thedopereaper

past tense graplin hook


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/cindyypan

了 has two main functions. One is past tense, but the more important function is change of state. In this sentence, 了 means past tense completion, but it also refers to, "I didn't see the kid before, but now I do."


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Rey_De_Corazones

I don't know, the second part about seeing not seeing the child before isn't really hinted at here.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/eeasterberg

The use of 了 is quite complicated. If you're interested in an article which tries to explain it, it's here: https://www.chineseboost.com/grammar/le-grammar-summary/

That being said, I still don't quite get it, and I'm not sure that Duolingo is the best place to clarify it completely.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/waikong

true, but in this case, as others have said, its to move the action 'see' to the past.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JoneLiu

To show the completion of the action indicated by the verb written just before the "了".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ruby738235

As a Chinese, I think that 了 refers to both past tense and situations like this:

你看见了么? 我看见了。

can you see (it)? I can see (it).

idk how to explain it XD I think it also refers to something that has "begun to happen".

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