Past and Future Tense Verb Conjugation in German
Can someone please list the endings that verbs have in the Past, Present and Future Tenses? Also if there is some for the Perfect Tense that would be great.
Thank you soooo very much!
Here are haben and gehen. Not sure about exceptions ...I'll have a think.
ich habe gehabt
du hast gehabt
ich bin gegangen
du bist gegangen
ich hatte gehabt
du hattest gehabt
ich war gegangen
du warst gegangen
ich werde haben
du wirst haben
ich werde gehen
du wirst gehen
Futur II ich werde gehabt haben
du wirst gehabt haben
ich werde gegangen sein
du wirst gegangen sein
Sometimes there is another e... -(e)te, -(e)test, -(e)ten, or -(e)tet
Well done with that! Most of the things you said were the things I was going to say : (
Still thinking about exceptions... obviously, things like lesen have a bit of trouble with the s's... so with lesen,
ich las might make you expect du lasst, but it's:
du last or du lasest
There are some exceptions for auxliliary and modal verbs, but the endings for the different tenses are the following: 1.) present tense: -e, -(e)st. -(e)t, -en, -et, -en. 2.) past tense regular (weak) verbs: -e, -est, -et, -en, -et, en 3.) past tense strong verbs: -, -st, -, -en, -t, -en, -t, -en For present perfect and past perfect you only need the present resp. past tense of "haben" or "sein", combined with the past participle of the main verb, for future tense you need the present form of "werden" plus infinitive, for future perfect the present perfect of "werden" plus infinitive. You have to learn the tables for the auxiliary verbs "sein" and "haben" (as well as the modal verbs) sepratately. there are some itrregularities with the 2nd and 3rd person singular in the present of some verbs, but those do not concern the ending, but a change of stem vowel.
thanks, i guessed there'd be exceptions... now if only there were a good way to spot strong/weak/irregular verbs...
Sorry for the rather untimely question, but what exactly is a strong, weak and irregular verb?
German verbs that have irregular forms are also called strong verbs. Weak (regular) verbs follow the "standard" pattern.
BUT... There are also mixed verbs that combine elements of weak and strong verbs. (Quite how one might not follow the standard pattern, and yet not be classed as irregular eludes me.)
Apparently, denken is mixed.... but while denken is irregular in the past indicative and past conjunctive, rennen (i think) is only irregular in the past... so that makes it less mixed by my reckoning...
Anything irregular has to be memorised, so by the time you've done that, i don't suppose it helps much to know whether it's a strong verb or not... Weak Nouns, on the other hand are another matter... I love it when i remember them