Ich bin...vs Mir ist...
I am working on the "Feelings" lesson about half way down the tree, and I wondered about the difference between saying "Ich bin ..." or saying "Mir ist...".
Ich bin stolz. Mir ist langweilig.
I believe that "Ich bin langweilig" in ENG is "I am boring", so the "Mir ist..." describes a emotionally transitive state.
But couldn't being "Stolz", as in "Ich bin stolz", be transitive as well?
Please help thanks!
Hello, actually you have one of the best exemples here :)
"Ich bin langweilig": you're right, means "I'm boring"
"Mir ist langweilig": "I'm bored" (litteraly: "it's boring to me")
In some cases, though, there is no choice. "Mir ist kalt, mir ist warm, mir ist heiz": "I'm cold, I'm warm, I'm hot (as in "it's too hot in here", not as in "I'm sexy")". "Mir ist schlecht, mir ist übel": "I feel bad, I'm sick". "Mir ist gut": "I feel fine".
Does it help?
Good examples and also the reason why you have to be very careful using "mir ist" and/or "ich bin". It can get really confusing and you might say something completely different then you expected. Example: "Mir ist schlecht" = "I feel sick/bad/ill" is very different from "Ich bin schlecht" = "I am (!) bad" with something ;) Tricky!
Another way to think of it is with the subject being the unexpressed personal "es".
Mir ist kalt. -> Mir ist es kalt. -> "To me it is cold." (which in English we would express just as "I am cold".)
So the difference between the form of "mir ist" and "ich bin" is what/who is the subject. Is something boring, or are you boring. Of course I can see you already knew that, but I'm just posting that for others than may come across this thread.
TLDR: When trying to decide if you can use "mir ist", think if it sounds right to think "It is ____ to me." For example, it would be weird if it was "It is proud to me." That doesn't seem to make sense, in my opinion.
It's not really a feelings thing I suppose, but it kind of is I guess??
You use Mir in this sense mostly to express a state only you can claim I guess (I'm not an expert)
I recommend just learning the phrases mir is used instead of the grammar, since I'm not sure there really is a rule. Hope I helped