https://www.duolingo.com/Caelan_Jolley

"Honti" vs "Hontesse"

I've been studying High Valyrian out of curiosity and for fun. So far, it has been going fairy well. But I don't understand when I am supposed to use "Honti" or "Hontesse". Similar with the two different plural forms of "Azantys" (Knight). If someone could please explain it would help a lot.

8 months ago

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Joel__W
  • 14
  • 11
  • 10
  • 8
  • 7
  • 6
  • 6
  • 5
  • 4
  • 2
  • 2

It is the accusative case vs. the nominative case (compare him vs. he in English). The accusative case is used when a noun is the direct object of a verb, in other words the thing that something is being done to. The nominative is used when the noun is the subject, in other words the thing that is doing something.

http://wiki.dothraki.org/High_Valyrian_Noun_Cases http://wiki.dothraki.org/High_Valyrian_Noun_Declensions

8 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Caelan_Jolley

So "Hontesse" is the nominative case and "Honti" is the accusative case?

8 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JenFeder1
  • 19
  • 14
  • 6
  • 565

The accusative is actually "hontī", but yes.

8 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Caelan_Jolley

That's the singular accusative. I was talking about the plural accusative.

8 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SprightBark
  • 15
  • 15
  • 13
  • 12
  • 12
  • 11
  • 11
  • 9
  • 8
  • 7
  • 6
  • 4
  • 837

I believe JenFeder1 is correct.

The 4th declension has both the accusative singular and accusative plural end in ī.

Examples from the course:

Zokli hontī urnesi. The wolves see the birds.

Zokli hontī ipradis. The wolves are eating a bird.

8 months ago
Learn High Valyrian in just 5 minutes a day. For free.