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It depends if the word is subject or object, and if the verb indicates movement or not. It's a little bit complicated, you can check for "the four cases german" on the internet, it might help. (Dativ, Akkusativ, Genitiv und Nominativ)
Ein Mann - Mann ist maskulin as in "der Mann" Eine Frau - Frau ist feminin as in "die Frau" Ein Maedchen - Maedchen ist neutral as in "das Maedchen"
Would it be possible, depending on the context that this sentence could be translated as "One man" ?
Yes. Eins is one, but for one man it would be Ein Mann depending on the context of the sentence.
Are there any specific rules for the use of 'ein' besides that of masculine gender?
Yes, but they get complicated. Ein is used for masculine (der) and neutral (das) words in the nominative case (when nouns are the do-ers in the sentence). It gets more complicated when you get to accusative case (when nouns are 'verbed'). If you're just starting, this is very difficult. Keep working at it and remember, in most cases, Germans will understand your meaning if you make mistakes. The website has to be picky though (because computers still aren't as smart as humans).
Thanks a lot for your help! Yes, I've only started learning German a while ago so I'm still at a loss but I'm also very excited. I'll bear that in mind then.
Spelling in every language has quirks like these, I suppose. Why spell "why" with an 'h' if it's silent, for example?
'der','die','das' are the 3 articles in German which in English are all translated to 'the' . 'der' is masculine, 'die' is feminine and 'das' is neutral. With each noun, you need to know whether it is masculine, feminine or neutral to put the right article.