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https://www.duolingo.com/StarlitTardis

Very confused about 'me', 'te', 'se', etc.

I'm struggling to understand when those pronouns should be used. A lot of the time, I type 'yo' and it is corrected to 'me', but I don't know why.

Can someone please explain when those pronouns should be used instead of 'yo', 'tu', etc?

There are also sentences that contain both types of pronouns, such as 'Yo me ducho todos los días' (I shower every day). Why are both necessary? Surely the meaning is clear with only one of them?

3 months ago

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/la_ricfoi

Because "to shower" is a reflexive verb in Spanish, you have to utilise a reflexive pronoun. More info can be found here.

edit: an example to clarify. Since yo can be left out in Spanish, perhaps you think that sometimes you have to use yo and sometimes you have to use me, this is not the case.

Spanish English
yo lavo I wash
me lavo I wash myself
yo me lavo I wash myself
3 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/George418878
George418878
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"Yo" and "tú" are subject pronouns. They indicate the person DOING the action.

"Me," "te," "se," "nos," etc are object pronouns. They indicate who is RECEIVING the action. For example, "I tell you" is "Yo te digo." And "You tell me" is "Tú me dices."

The next thing to know is that the subject pronoun in Spanish is optional. You can say "Te digo" instead of "Yo te digo" because the "yo" is implied by the verb conjugation.

The last point is that certain verbs in Spanish are reflexive, and always include the object pronoun of the person doing it to themselves. Examples are:

  • I shower (myself) = "Yo me ducho" or "Me ducho"

  • You wake up (yourself) = "Tú te despiertas" or "Te despiertas"

  • He lies (himself) down = "Él se acuesta" or "Se acuesta"

  • We shave (ourselves) = "Nosotros nos afeitamos" or "Nos afeitamos"

3 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Chilotin
Chilotin
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First step: Understand the difference between I, he, we, etc and me, him, us, etc. Second step: Learn about reflexive verbs, follow la_ricfoi's link

3 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/StarlitTardis

Thank you all!

3 months ago