When do I use "aōh-" root adjectives vs. "jev-" root adjectives for "your"?
When do I use "zȳh-" root adjectives vs. "jāh-" root adjectives for "his/her/its"?
I've tried carefully studying the gender, case, and number of the nouns described, but I'm still confused; I've run into both "aōhor ñāmar" and "jevor ñāmar"!
Can someone please explain this?
As far as I know:
"aōh-" and "jev-"
"aōh-" root possessive adjectives are for when the 2nd person possessor is singular.
"jev-" root possessive adjectives are for when the 2nd person possessors are plural.
So “aōhor ñāmar” when the you being talked to is 1 person, and "jevor ñāmar" when the you being talked to is plural. (Because English does not make this distinction, this is hard to pick up on.)
"zȳh-" and "jāh-"
"zȳh-" when the possessor is solar or lunar.
"jāh-" when the possessor is terrestrial or aquatic.
Example with an unspecified lunar or solar "zȳh-" possessor (probably a person, as most people are lunar and most professions are solar, and the sentence suits such an interpretation) with a terrestrial noun being possessed: ”Zȳhon lenton urnen!" I see his house!
Example with aquatic “jāh-": "The turtle loves his mother." Qintir jāhe muñe jorrāelza.
Dothraki.org personal pronouns - the relevant row to the questions is that for possessive.
When working through the course I had the same difficulties with these which you have identified. Because of those difficulties I feel unsure on what I have written above, but I believe the information I have given is correct.