"What don't you like?"
Translation:Was gefällt dir nicht?
Would you please explain why Was magst nicht du is wrong. It has been quite a few days and i still have no idea about ordering of negative sentences in German .
From what I've read, nicht normally goes at the end of a sentence unless you're negating an adjective or adverb or unless it's a two-part verb. I could be wrong though.
Yes. Was magst nicht du? is like "What does not-you like?". Maybe there's some meaning in it... but it just sounds terrible.
Can someone help me to understand when to use "gefällt" for likes/pleases/appeals ? Thanks in advance.
"What does not please you?" and "What does not appeal to you?" may be more similar to "Was gefällt dir nicht?" in terms of grammar, but "What don't you like?" or "What do you dislike?" are more natural. "Was magst du nicht?" is another way of saying the same thing in German.
Are German-speakers more likely to use 'mag+akk' or 'gefällt+dat' in everyday speech?
why is "Was gefällst dir nicht?" wrong? I'm just finally getting a good (sort-of) grasp on cases... but i don't understand why gefällst and dir don't work together?
It's because the "gefallt" goes with the "was", not the "dir". Dir is not the subject, so you don't want to make the verb "gefallen" agree with dir - It's not a "du" form of the verb, it's an er/sie/es form.
It would be "Was gefällt Ihnen nicht?" The personal pronoun is the dative indirect object, and the "was" is in the place of the subject.
can some one please explain to me the difference between mogen and gefallen. And why using gefallen uses the dative with "it" and using mogen uses du?
The link provided by az_p is a very good explanation. You should read that in its entirety, but to summarize:
- Mögen is a modal verb and the literal translation of the English "to like".
- gefallen is an intransitive verb meaning "to please" or "to appeal to"
And although you didn't ask about it, you should still know about gern, which is an adverb that describes an activity. It's meaning is something akin to "gladly". I'm not sure how one would use it here (perhaps "Was hat dich gern nicht"), but to provide at least one example: "Ich lese gern" means "I like to read."
That's the way gefallen works (Wiktionary entry here). Think of the verb as "pleases". So, an alternate version of the English would be "What is not pleasing to you?":
- "What" is the subject: Nominativ: "Was"
- "is pleasing" is the verb phrase: "gefällt"
- "not" negates the verb: nicht (NB: auf Deutsch it moves to the end of the sentence)
- "to you" is the indirect object: Dativ: "dir"