"That is an apple."
Translation:वह एक सेब है।
Thank you so much for making Hindi available to the world to learn on Duolingo! Very much looking forward to the rest of the course! :)
Regarding this sentence: At this point, I am stuck. I have no idea what to do, can only randomly select words. I think Devangari would need more detailed introduction: letters need more repetition, the combination of the various syllables (?), I think, needs more time/excercise to be understood an remembered properly; then, single words can be introduced, specifically consisting of the letters learned immediately beforehand; then, slowly, words can be combined; then sentences like this one. In short, and this is just the impression of a naive learner ;), people need to be able to read, 'speak' a word and sentence, before they can 'understand'.
(I am saying that as a European with no exposure to learning other scripts; for French it might be possible to learn such sentences, because I can somehow pronounce what I read, but for Devangari/Hindi I am lost without that reading-skill.)
I totally agree. Everything up until this point have been okay, but suddenly from out of nowhere I get all these words that doesn't mean anything to me.
While learning the characters i was heavily relying on sound. Here I am stuck with the writing.
I have failed many times and i even look at the correct answer for the longest time, yet i cannot get it right just a few seconds later when I try.
You do it right, "at snail pace, trying to memorize every single character". That's the way to do it.
The reason why the course is not very user friendly, is not that the Latin translitteration is lacking, the reason is that we don't have an exercise letting us tracing the letters. It's the only way to memorize them.
Yes, it is very difficult. The moment in time when all the differences between the two languages hit you in the face. DO NOT WORRY. THIS IS NORMAL. This happens very often in serious language learning. It is because you study with your daytime brain but learn languages with your sleeping brain... You just need to go back and repeat the letters 1,2,3 and 4 quickly every day until the sleeping part of your brain catches up with the studying part of your brain. Repetition is the key. You can do it. Maybe reread the tips and notes, because there are many sounds in Hindi which are foreign to the European ear. Also, because of the different script you will need to dedicate more time per day than for a European language. Because your brain has to process more information. Remember also that everything you ever learnt about grammar has to be relearnt. Word order is different. This includes the very basic structure of the simplest sentence. Hope this helps.
You really should re-do the preceding lessons again and again until you can read and write the Hindi script fluently .. also write them yourself .. There are about 54 "letters" which mostly are combinations of two or more Latin letters, also with a non-English pronunciation.. It took me a few days to understand the pattern of consonants and vowels in the characters. On top of that there are some rules. Consonants standard have an "a" after them, unless another vowel is present in that "letter." But that "a" is dropped at the end of a word, hence it is "Raj" and not "raja." I'm a Dutch native speaker btw. If you want less letters, try Hebrew, they don't write vowels .. very interesting .. Success! (Aug 2020)
You have to do this work youself.
You have 2 possibilities.
Either, before taking this course, you train yourself with Youtube and Memrise, and take the letters Duo part as a test, or you could learn reading while making the exercises. You spend more time on each sentence, at this level, they give always the same words, so it's not very hard to read after a few tries.
For instance, I don't know how to read in Hindi this sentence, in this exercise:
वह एक सेब है।
If you did several times the "letters" part in Duo, you are already a bit familiar with them.
व = v (va)
ह = h (ha)
Note this word in your notebook as:
वह (vaha) = that.
ek = one एक
Seb = apple सेब
है = "ai" = is
It's not very hard. Do that for each sentences, and it will be easy.
'This' and 'that' are written यह and वह but usually pronounced 'yeh' and 'voh' as you say. This course uses the (admittedly less common) phonetic pronunciations, however.
Such deviations from phonetic pronunciations happen in Hindi around the letter ह. For example, 'sister' is written बहन but pronounced 'behen', 'a lot' is written बहुत but pronounced 'bohot' etc.
'Here' and 'there' are यहाँ (yahā̃) and वहाँ (vahā̃) where the last vowel must be nasalised.
For those who don't know the order of hindi alphabets :
अ आ इ ई उ ऊ ऋ (ri / ru ) ए ऐ ओ औ अं अः
NOTE : Duolingo has not taught the letter ऋ . It is pronounced as ri / ru .
क ख ग घ ङ च छ ज झ ञ ट ठ ड ढ ण त थ द ध न प फ ब भ म य र ल व श ष स ह क्ष त्र ज्ञ
There are many CONSONANTS that Duolingo has not taught.
You can learn their pronunciation on https://youtu.be/6ebC_gGWW7Q
I echo everything else here. It would greatly appreciate the ability to use the latin alphabet. I am trying to learn Hindi to communicate with my husband's family, and they have been expats so long even they don't understand Devangari. I completely understand the drive to use Devangari, but I would love the option to use the latin alphabet.
वह is 'that' and यह is 'this'.
In addition, both can be used for 'he', 'she' and 'it'.
यह is used when the person or thing is close to you (literally, emotionally or symbolically - for example, when you point at a photo of someone) and वह is used when the person or thing is far away.