"संतरा एक फल होता है।"

Translation:An orange is a fruit.

July 19, 2018



संतरा comes from the name of the Portuguese town of Sintra. Greeks call oranges 'Πορτοκάλι' too. The Portuguese use the Arabic root (laranja). The Arabs brought the orange to Spain from the Far East: al-naranj > naranja > an orange. (16thC English called them noranges!) Interestingly the Sanskrit for Orange was narang (नारंग) too. The Germans simply call it 'Apfelsine' - Chinese Apple, although Orange is becoming more common. Does anyone else have any other interesting Orange stories?

July 19, 2018


Great info.
Another thing - orange is also called Naarangi(नारंगी) in Hindi. Sounds quite related to the Arab Naranj.

July 23, 2018


In Malayalam, the original name was "Naarangai". The English-derived "orange" is more frequent nowadays.

September 25, 2018


I find this interesting, especially because I have been to Sintra. It is my favorite spot in Portugal.

How do you know for certain संतरा derives from Sintra, especially when the early Portuguese in India didn't use that word?

July 22, 2018

  • 1479

नारङ्ग (नाग the best + रङ्ग color) is a Sanskrit loanword in Arabic and other languages.

October 20, 2018


Romanians call it Portocal - I guess diriving it from the county name...

July 22, 2018


That, in turn, comes from the Turkish "portakal". The Turks invaded Romania a couple of times.

November 16, 2018


Very Interesting !

July 20, 2018


Why is होता included?

August 3, 2018


It is typically used when speaking in generalizations. Such as, "horses are big animals" - "घोड़े बड़े जानवर होते हैं"

August 4, 2018


"संतरा एक फल है।" sounds more facile.

July 20, 2018
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