Please - when I am given the sentence with a gap in it and choices, I would like to listen to the sentence after I have selected my answer and been told if it is right or wrong. It would really help me to be able to listen to the sentence afterwards to be able to match up the writing with the sound.
ह tends to mess with the vowels next to it, at least in informal speech. For example, वह and यह are more typically pronounced "vō" and "yē" according to my professor (from Jaipur), and बहन ("sister") is pronounced more as if it were written as बैहैन.
I learned नहीं as "nahīn" and not "naihīn" but I imagine the difference depends on level of formality and region?
होना (है, हो, हूँ, etc) is optional after नहीं if and only if there's another verb in the sentence. Thus, it's always correct to include है, but you don't always need it. For example:
वह ठीक नहीं है -- mandatory, because there's no other verb in the sentence. वह ठीक नहीं is wrong because now there's no verb in the sentence.
वह आता नहीं -- optional, because we have the verb आना in there. वह आता नहीं है is also correct.
वह refers to the book, not Raj. A lot of people on this forum translate both यह and वह as he/she/it which can get confusing, as it's not 100% accurate.
Technically, यह means "this" and वह is "that". Hindi has no gender or animacy distinctions in its pronouns like English does. Which you choose is a matter of how far away from you the thing you're talking about is. How you translate it depends on the context of the sentence. यह औरत छोटी है (this woman is short) vs यह छोटी है can mean "this is small" if we're talking about a feminine noun (e.g. किताब) or "she is short" if we're talking about a woman. Same thing for वह.
hi im Aussie, just started learn hindi. each sentence ends word "hair" that sound... i complete phrase correct ..but it tells me it is wrong everytime because the is a "I" symbol the end after the "hair" completion of phrase .. and i cannot input this option it isnot available so i cannot complete the exercise to progress.. ive only just started .... it is a very big problem... howdo you fix it.. what am i suppose to do ?