"नेहा अपना सेब खाती है ।"

Translation:Neha eats her apple.

July 21, 2018

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अपने is also correct, without context there is no way to know if there is one apple or many.

Question was:

Select the missing word नेहा ___ सेब खाती है ।


Neha eats her apple


So... I think I understand this, but just to confirm: अपना means "his/her" when the noun belongs to the subject of the verb while उसका means "his/her" when the noun belongs to someone who is not the subject? (For people who know Scandinavian languages, this is like the "sin/sit" versus "hans/hennes," yeah? So a Norwegian translation of नेहा अपना सेब खाती है would be "Neha spiser sit eple" and नेहा उसका सेब खाती है would be "Neha spiser hennes eple"). Does this also apply for 1st and 2nd persons? For example one must say मैं अपना सेब खाता हूँ for "I eat my apple" (I assume that मैं मेरा सेब खाता हूं is incorrect...) and "you eat your apple" would have to be तू अपना सेब खाती है (I assume तू तेरा सेब खाती है would be wrong). Is this right?


I don't know any Nordic languages, so I cannot comment on that part (though it sounds very plausible).

In any case you described the distinction between अपना and उसका correctly. As I am also still learning Hindi I checked in two grammar books, to be sure. So you don't have to take just my word for it :D

Here is the rule from [1]:

«The possessive adjective apnā, 'one's own' is substituted for the possessive forms of personal pronouns when the subject of the sentence possesses the object. apnā agrees with the noun it qualifies.»

So this applies - no matter what is the person/number of the subject. In [1] there are examples given with हम and मैं, in [2] one with मैं.

Apparently where अपना can be applied, it also has to be. Even if there is no distinction to be made about who the possessor is, e.g. when मैं is the subject.
([1] explicitly gives two examples marked as wrong, [2] says the substitution always takes place.)

However, it is possible to use both together, for emphasis. So this is the exact same structure as English «my own». Example from [1]:

« [ यह मेरी अपनी गाड़ी है ]
- ye mērī apnī gāṛī hai
- This is my own car.»

(The Hindi/Devanagari text in square brackets is my rendering of the Urdu sentence from the book.)

[1] Schmidt, Ruth Laila. Urdu. An essential grammar. London: Routledge, 1999. p. 24f, para. 213.
[2] Hälsig, Margot. Grammatischer Leitfaden des Hindi. Leipzig: Verlag VEB Enzyklopädie, 1967. p. 71, para. 182.


Helpful explanation, thanks. I was wondering if 'apna' would mean 'your' in this context referring to a different person, but seems it does not.


The same is in Slavic languages, e.g. "Я ем свое яблоко (I eat my own apple)" vs "Я ем мое яблоко (I eat my apple)". Though "I eat my own apple" sounds wierd, like eating a part of one's own body. The example with the water is even wierder: "I drink my own water")))


As a Swede I think you're right, but wondering the same regarding 1st and 2nd persons.


Why is "Neha eats her own apple" not correct?


I'd say this is because «her own» in English implies a strong emphasis (on posession) that is not present in the Hindi sentence.

It might help to think of अपना as «my/your/her/his/its/our/their own» to remember when it is applied. But it just replaces the 'normal' possessive pronoun (उसका in this case) when the possessor is the subject. So here it really just means the same as «her» in English.

And the other way around: If you want, you can even express the same emphasis in Hindi by using the literal translation of «her own»: «उसका अपना». (See also my answer to RaleighStarbuck)


I think if your teacher were human and not a machine, it would be fine. We have to accept some compromises and failures if we are to settle with a (free) AI instructor.


how to find the gender of a thing?


You can find it by seeing ta and ti in the last word for example: Male: khata, padhta, likhta, jaata etc Female:khati, padhti, likhti, jaati etc


I read the comments but I still don't understand why "Neha eats your apple" is wrong. When I click on the word-I-can't-you-know-the-one Duo tells me it can mean both "her" and "your". Can anyone help explain?


Re-read my comments above. But basically you simply must get accustomed to thinking in Hindi- this language specifies possessives in a way that distinguishes between one performing an action on one's own object and on someone else's. In other words, a possessive adjective such as "his" changes depending on whether "he" coincides with the object or not. I know this might sound a bit abstract or confusing because this kind of distinction does not exist in other languages (I don't know what your native language is but I assume it does not do it), but see this example:

(1) He eats his apple. In English, this sentence is actually ambiguous- as it is, there is no way of knowing whether "he" eats an apple that belongs to him (i.e. the subject and the possessor are the same person) or if "he" eats an apple that belongs to some other male person (i.e. the subject and the possessor are NOT the same persons). In English, if we particularly wish to specify, we can add the word "own" after the possessive and say "He eats his own apple," but Hindi simply avoids this kind of ambiguity- it would be clear which meaning is intended because the equivalents for "his" versus "his own" would simply be different words (and likewise "her" versus "her own," "my" versus "my own,"etc.) The Hindi base word for "one's own" is अपना (of course, it must agree with the thing that is possessed. Therefore, to answer your question, "Neha eats your apple" would have to be one of the following (depending on the person who "your" refers to): नेहा तेरा सेब खाती है ("Nehā terā seb khātī hai)- intimate नेहा तुम्हारा सेब खाती है ("Nehā tumhārā seb khātī hai") - informal नेहा आपका सेब खाती है ("Nehā āpkā seb khātī hai")- formal

I hope that helps.


It helps somewhat. Not sure if I fully get it or not because the hints had 3 suggestions: her, your, and himself. Obviously 'Neha eats himself apple' doesn't work. But as far as 'your' goes (instead of 'her')...is 'your' sometimes spelled that way or is it just an incorrect hint that should be ignored?


Thanks for this @raleighStarbuck! So helpful!


You're welcome. I'm glad it helped you.


What is the difference between apne and uske?


apne is used for "belonging to oneself". "apne kapde" => my own clothes.

uske: her / his. "uske kapde" => her / his clothes.


If you click on सेब, it represents male(m). So अपना सेब is correct


You are right . I think sometimes Duo is tricky ,but that is it. Every one enjoy !


Why apples don't come


I thought "Neha eats your apples" was a good translation until I read all of the comments. Then I naturally got confused.


is "नेहा अपनी सेब खाती है" also correct?


No, since it follows सेब not नेहा.

For, अपनी a simple example can be-

नेहा अपनी किताब पढ़ती है


Can any one please tell me what is the difference between apuna and apuni i am confused


what is wrong with "Neha eats her OWN apple"?


How do I find out whether it is apples or apple since in both cases it is "सेब"?


I think the possessive word would be plural if there were more than one apple.


Isn't that apni instead of apna


Riddle Dianna Hotmail digital display ekattor Focus world roguish susheel didi SMC ush in z en off to Utah pick log Symbian kb FB of Jan


Neha eats her apple . her ?


How do we know if सेब is plural or singular


It said apna is her/your/himself

Then why did it not accept your apple and said her instead?


Why did it not accept "your" apple... It said apna is your/her/himself


Why did it not accept "your" apple... It said apna is your/her/himself


apni is also correct- for she is a female-


What about past tense (ie. Neha ate her apple)


Neha eats her apples


Neha eats her badana

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