"This is a book."
Translation:यह एक किताब है।
In the Basic 1 notes, I read that almost nobody pronounces यह the way it's written (the more common pronunciation is close to 'yay'), but the audio keeps pronouncing it as it's written. Is that correct or is it a bug? Same goes for 'vo'.
It's just them pronouncing it wrong, with the false idea that it is right. Take the word "often" in English. The "t" sound is not pronounced; anybody who has learned English naturally for centuries knows this. But then you have people who look at the spelling of the word and think, "Hmm, I see a t so if I pronounce it, I will be doing it the right way! When others don't pronounce it, that's OK... I mean, sure, 'offen' is how it's usually pronounced, but I'm here to show you that I can read letters on a page and do it the proper way." lol
"Often, यह (yah) is pronounced as ye (like ये) and वह (vah) is pronounced as vo (like वो) colloquially. However, those are not the technically correct spellings. In formal and literary contexts, these colloquial pronunciations are considered incorrect."
I'm pretty sure "yah" and "vah" were the original Sanskrit pronunciations, but over time the pronunciations evolved into their current forms ("ye" and "vo"). So practically speaking, you need to know that the two words are written one way but pronounced a different way.
"Like other Indo-Aryan languages, Hindi is a direct descendant of an early form of Vedic Sanskrit"
Now, I don't know for sure that the corresponding Sanskrit words were pronounced as "yah"/"yaha" and "vah"/"vaha" in Sanskrit, but that's my guess.
"Like other Indo-Aryan languages, Hindi is a direct descendant of an early form of Vedic Sanskrit, through Sauraseni Prakrit and Śauraseni Apabhraṃśa (from Sanskrit apabhraṃśa "corrupted"), which emerged in the 7th century A.D." (Why didn't you include the whole sentence?)
You don't know for sure? (Before you said you were pretty sure :) ) I think you mean you don't know. Your "guess"?? All you're doing is making the false assumption that /vah/ is the Sanskrit word for he/she/it, and that after 1500 years of language development only difference is that people changed the pronunciation?!
The is a very consistent spelling rule in Hindi where "h" near short vowels indicates a different vowel. It's a spelling, not a pronunciation to be read literally. Let's not spread confusion, OK? :-)
In modern Hindi,Many people say it "Yay" but the true pronounciation is "Yah"...
I think as you're beginner so you should say it "Yah"..When you ll come here in india you ll understand about the slangs and accent
Alberta ji, I'm not a beginner, and I've lived a lot in India. I have traveled to every district in Punjab (for example) in India as well as in Pakistan :) This is not a matter of slang. If you think it is a matter of accent, I would like to know which accent region(s) in which you believe "yah" is the pronunciation and in which it is "yeh."
What I asked you was, on what basis do you assert "yah" is the "true pronunciation" when it appears that most people say "yeh"?
Except for the people for Bihar(India), nobody pronounces यह as Yah. And anyway you'll be understood whether you say yah or ye. So dont worry too much about what the audio says.
All these comments just made me doubt if I should even try to learn the language. It looks complicated and the comments don't help. :-(
It really is worth learning the Hindi script--I hope you are able to persist. The script is phonetic so what you read is (generally) what you need to pronounce. Think of the letter groupings as syllables rather than an alphabet. Once you are over the hurdle of learning the script, it becomes a useful tool to help learn the language.