In the "select the missing word" exercise, couldn't it be also अपनी if he was with a female friend?
I believe it is अपने, instead of अपना, because it is in oblique case, due to the post position के साथ. It definitely should not be in feminine form, as दोस्त is masculine.
the difference here is how दोस्त is being acted upon. If this was just "This is my friend", it would be यह मेरा/मेरी दोस्त है. Since it is "this boy is WITH his friend", and his friend is attached to that postposition के साथ, the possessive adjective must be अपने instead of अपना/अपनी.
A similar case can be "I am in my house". This would be translate to "मैं अपने घर में हूँ"
That is correct in concept bannigeri, accept that it is के साथ (not सात, which is seven), which is a post-position, because it comes after, not before. In English they are prepositions, because they come before, "with my friend".
"dost" is masculine though. We are getting in the weeds here, but one could debate whether "dost," which nowadays can be used to refer to female friend (although it was traditionally male friend) 1) remains grammatically masculine or 2) has been transformed in the mind of some speakers to be gender-flexible. I'm not sure what other Hindi words have become gender-flexible. Can we think of any? I think it's safer to say that /dost/ is "correctly" masculine, but modern speakers have adapted an "ungrammatical" feminine form.
I would think सहेली would be more appropriate feminine form, if one were to bother with such things. Am I wrong?
Why is it friend sing. and not friends pl.?
I presumed that "...aapNE dost ke..." Insinuated that dost/friend was plural.
I have the same question. You use aapne because using postposition ke saath makes you use oblique, but anyway I questioned if first could be plural
As we are using post position (ke saath), the affected (his friend) should be in oblique form. There is where you have the hint that tells you that it is a singular friend and not plural friends.
दोस्त (singular) -> oblique: दोस्त
दोस्त (plural) -> oblique: दोस्तों
Thus, in plural (with his friends) would be "यह लड़का अपने दोस्तों के साथ है".
Thanks, I had not seen the plural of dost yet and did not know there was one.