Understanding Lo que
It took me awhile to figure out what lo que actually means. So to help others I thought I would share my findings.
Lo que is used in a sentence when there is no noun (in English we say I am what I am or that is not what I want) we are using what as a connecter word but not specifying what “what” is.
I am what I am - I am the one that I am - Soy lo que soy
That is not what I want - That is not the one that I want - Eso no es lo que quiero
So from English we say “what” but in Spanish they say “the one that”
Of course if “lo que” has “en” in front of it means ”in which”.
Hope this helps it’s helped me.
Update. Lo que is often used after everything. (Todo) some examples are: Everything I did - todo lo que hice. Everything I see - todo lo que veo. Everything I am - todo lo que soy. All these are translated as everything “(the one) that” because we are not being specific about what the every “thing” (s) is. I seen some people having trouble with “todo lo que” also hope that helps.
To even understand. Have you ever used “the man”?
Just working for the man. The mans got me down. You’re the man.
We all know the man. But it’s not specific. Same concept different context.
Robert, Great clarification . Have a lingot for sharing! Your new friend, Cat
When you internalize what lo que means, you've gained basic fluency in Spanish.
It means 'what.'
A principios lo que no entiendía era por qué las palabras pequeñas eran las más difíciles de entender...
What I didn't get at the beginning was why the smallest words were the hardest to understand.
It is because you must internalize it through many repetitions speaking aloud and hearing.
Once you understand lo que... the rest will naturally become easier... for example 'las más difíciles' as used above
El cual, lo cual, lo bueno, lo malo, lo único, los que, las que, etc.
Lo que is a big big one.
It took me 4 months from scratch before i internalized it.
this has been my biggest problem for a while now! i couldnt find a good explanation of lo que, this helped thank you