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  5. "आप उनकी माँ हैं।"

"आप उनकी माँ हैं।"

Translation:You are their mother.

July 26, 2018



How do we know which version of 'you' to use. You could be speaking to anyone in this sentence!


In Duolingo, all versions of 'you' should be accepted. You can alternative between them for different sentences to practice conjugation.

In real life, chose the version based on who you are speaking to.


In real life, what is the difference between the various "you"


(I'm not a native speaker, but from what I've learnt/heard:)

तू is either very intimate, addressing a young child, or rude; तुम is familar - friends, younger family; आप is respectful - older family, more senior people at work or in life generally, or being extra nice for some reason to someone you'd usually use one of the forms with.

Additionally, तुम is the plural form of तू, so using it to address a plurality (e.g. तुम लोग) is like calling any one of them by तू individually.


Adding to this as a native speaker:

तू - To close family members of your age or younger than you and very close friends of the same age as you. It is rude to use this for anyone else. This is the most intimate form but may be seen as juvenile especially in some regions.

तुम - To almost anyone who is not older than you when you're not being formal. More intimate/less formal than आप.

आप - To someone older or when you're being formal. Note that it is not seen as nicer to use आप with someone you usually use तुम with (it may be seen as distancing yourself). The order should always be आप (when you've just met the person) to तुम (when you become close to them).

तुम is not the plural form of तू. It's just that तू can be used only when you're addressing a single person while तुम and आप can be used to address one person or more.


Thanks for the corrections; re तुम (not) being plural of तू - I don't know where I got that from now, I thought I'd seen it in a Wiktionary table, but I just checked and it doesn't say anything of the sort.

So, sorry, and thanks!


excellent. Thank you.


Well, if you are talking informaly then the use of tu/tum would be fine.(tu is more little, very little bit more casual.) They are used while talking to someone younger or same age, i.e- friends. Aap is used when you have to pay respect or in formal speech. It used with elders normally. I.e- your parents, teaches, elder brother/sister, someone at a higher post than yours, etc. Hope it helps!


‘her’ in this example shouldn’t be capitalized. In fact, it’s too easy to identify the first word in these types of prompts when they have a capital letter. The word block could be all in lowercase but present the correct solution (in green bar) could still show the correct capitals for reference.


Agree but as a beginner it's a great help. Later on one has to type in answers anyway, without the help.


I made the mistake of trying to think about the context of this sentence.


Its easy to learn with Duolingo


Is You are his mother accepted because one can refer to some respected person?


If it's not, it certainly should be.


Not a native speaker, but as far as I understood, the respectful version should be 'uske'. 'unki' is used only on plurals


No. Pluralisation can be used to convey respect in the third person.

उसका पिता - regular form (may be considered rude)
उसके पिता - respectful to the father
उनके पिता - respectful to both the father and the son/daughter
उसकी माँ - either regular form or respectful to mother depending on whether you conjugate it as singular or plural
उनकी माँ - respectful to the son/daughter (conjugate it as a plural to be respectful to the mother too)


thanks this is actually really useful!


Isn't उनकी reflexive? Or just औपना?


उनकी is 'their'. It's not reflexive.

अपना is reflexive.


Hello i like your explanation. Thanks. Can you help me.?


Isn’t the sentence should end with ‘ho’ instead of ‘hai’


हैं is the form of होना that conjugates with आप.

However, in conversational Hindi, you often see 'आप .. हो' as a form that is intermediate in formality between 'तुम .. हो' and 'आप .. हैं'. Another forum member had mentioned that this may be due to the influence of Punjabi.


here unaki referers to maa??



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