"Raj gives me mangoes."

Translation:राज मुझे आम देता है।

July 27, 2018

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why is आम singular? Shouldn't it be plural?


आम is masculine and all masculine words that do not end with अ (a) take the same form in plural as singular. Thus आम can be both singular and plural, so in this case it actually is plural


Why are mangoes singular here


आम is masculine and all masculine words that do not end with अ (a) take the same form in plural as singular. आम can therefore both mean mango (in singular) and mangoes (in plural). In this case it actually is plural


Why was मुझको not accepted in place of मुझे? They mean literally the same thing?


Is it correct to say राज आम मुझे देता है?


Why is it मुझे if there is no postposition/ the sentence is not oblique? Why isn’t it “राज मैं आम देता है”?


RanzoG has explained your question precisely, but to add to it you can just think of 'मुझे' as 'me' and 'मैं' as 'I'.

Like saying 'Raj gives I mangoes' would be wrong in English, the same applies to Hindi


Both of your answers are good, but I think they're best in combination:

Consider मुझ as 'me', and you have 'Raj me gives mangoes', which is closer than 'I' but still not right.

He needs to give them to me, मुझ को, and you have 'Raj to me gives mangoes', great (ignoring that natural English and natural Hindi differ in grammatical order).

And now it is in the oblique case, and finally मुझ को shortens to मुझे, without change in case or meaning.


Hindi is quite like that...the grammar is different. In French, we say une femme française, which on conversion to English becomes a woman French, but it actually means a French woman.


This might be an opportunity to clarify something for me. In the sentence राज मुझे आम देता है what would be the translation if the end है was dropped ? How would this change the meaning of देता है ? Could it be spoken and still have the same meaning?


/mujhe/ is the contracted form of /mujh ko/ (like, it is = it's)

"Raj to-me mangoes gives"


I absolutely don't get why we're gendering देता in the way we are.


Raj is masculine-singular, and so must be देता.


Why is देता है correct and not देता हैं ? Doesn't it match with "आम" which in this case is plural 'mangoes'? Or does it match with singular "मुझे" ?


Because the subject that does the giving here is Raj and there is only one of him.


No it matches with राज who is only one person

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