Why is "rats are small" wrong?
because for a general statement of that kind (i. e., in the sense of "all rats are small") you would insert hote (masculine plural of hotâ) between cuhe and haî.
So hota/hoti/hote is used for general statements, basically when "vahe(?)/jehe(?)" is missing?
How to see if a statement is general or just plural?
It's not wrong. It should be accepted. [Native speaker here]
Why is "The rats are short" incorrect?
Because only people are short, animals are small.
I fell for the same mistake so i had to look it up.
Sometimes the vowel mark above is 'o', and sometimes the same mark is 'ay'; how do we know when it is one or the other. This is very confusing to me, can someone help?
If there is an extra line, it is 'o'; if the mark is above the previous consonant/sound, it is 'ay'/'e'
this one / े/ is ekar (aka. ay) and this one / ो/ is okar
e.g. /के/ [ke] 'of' vs. /को/ [ko] 'to'
Thank you both a whole lot for clarifying that very well!
Mice is small = sentence is wrong why
Because the sentence is plural. "is" is singular. It should be, "(the) mice are small"
Because it is either "A mouse is small" or "The mice are small", you can't have plural mice with singular is. Plus you need an article.