"What do you want?"
Translation:तुम क्या चाहती हो?
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Yes. Both of them are correct. But there is a subtle difference. तु्झे क्या चाहिए? is generally said to someone younger than you. Like its perfectly fine if a mother says that to her child or if you say that to your younger brother. In any case, it sounds a 'little' disrespectful.
"तुम क्या चाहते हो" is more respectful and you can say that to someone younger than you or someone of your age. This is still disrespectful if you say that to someone older than you(such as your father or your boss).
"आपको क्या चाहिए" means EXACTLY the same and you can say that to someone older than you.
What about तुम्हे though? I'm not sure if you're just explaining तु vs. तुम, or if you're saying additionally that the nominative/direct case is more respectful than oblique, or if also commenting on चाहिए vs. चाहते ?
In brief, the only common thing between those sentences is क्या, so it's hard to know what is making one more or less respectful.
There is one thing that is ambigious about your explanation: you use "tu" in the 1st example and "tum" in the 2nd. But that already in itself carries the politeness distinction. Are you also saying that using chahiye vs. the present conjugation of chahna (chahte ho) also carries this distinction in the order that you stated?
Thanks. I realise I should have said "ko" not "ne" (which is the past tense form transitive right?). Anyway... not being very up on grammar.. I'll go look at 'preterite' and 'perfect' to try and understand this. So what I meant to ask was about this form: "Kya tumko pani chaiyai?" and "Kya tum pani pina chatai hai?" ... and I thought "What do you want?" was kinda like the first form... But I'll look at what you have said.. thanks.
चाहिए is just a special form of चाहना and has nothing to do with transitivity. While other forms of चाहना always mean 'want, चाहिए means 'should'/'need to' when used with verbs and 'need' or a stronger/more immediate form of 'want' when used with verbs.
Therefore, 'What do you want?' may be translated as both तुम्हें क्या चाहिए and तुम क्या चाहते हो. The former is used when you want to ask about desires that are immediate (eg: when taking an order at a restaurant) or stronger and the latter otherwise.
Note: तुम्हें is तुम+को and while तुमको is also sometimes used, तुम्हें is usually the preferred form
चाहता is not a more formal चाहिए. Depending on how they are used, they can mean different things. I recommend doing more research on the differences. I don't remember enough to explain at this late hour. But, I also feel like when we go through the motions to research something, we remember it better anyway.
I used to think so, until I learned the hard way one day. We were on a long road trip and I needed to use the bathroom. I said "मैं बाथरूम जाना चाहती हूँ" and they still drove a long time, passing many bathrooms, while I was about to burst. When I spoke to a friend about it, she explained I should have said " मुझे बतगरूम जाना चाहिए", which would mean I need to go sooner, rather than later.
While the difference may be subtle in the way it's used, the results can be bigger. One of the mods wrote a comment explaining it nicely somewhere.
Thank you, so with 'tum it has to take the plural (male, or female) for plural or for respect purposes; I think that I have got that cleared up now. Btw, someone on this page seems to be down rating everyone without any obvious good reason, just fyi. I marked you back up, thanks again!
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Hi... very simple: whenever it is a question where the answer can be yes or no.... kya goes at the beginning. Not the case for other questions where there is an answer other than yes or no. Kya apko tand lacti hai? Are you feeling cold? Tum kya lag rahi ho? What are you feeling. :))
I thought so too, as per the usual rule about transitive verbs... (you want 'what' means it's transitive right?). But apparently there are exceptions with the informal case TUM........ I would really like someone to explain this to me. If it is right that in this case "What do you want?" is intransitive (and why is that??? ) then TUM is correct. तुम्हें is correct if it were transitive and then the form would be: Tumhe kya chaiye. All I can think of here is that it is implied in "what do you want?" that it is NOT a thing that is wanted but an action. But come on Duolingo? That's a bit hard to guess no? So... If YOU WANT FOOD (for example) ... then WHAT DO YOU WANT? ... FOOD... makes it transitive no? So it would be " TUMHE KYA CHAIYE?. But if it's WHAT DO YOU WANT? .... TO GO (I want to go)... then it would be TUM KYA CHAATE HAI.... But this is just my guess here... can anyone please explain this better to us both?
Yes it is a transitive verb; चाहिए is strictly speaking the third person plural imperative conjugation - which we don't have in English really but is sort of 'they shall want' or 'let them want' (in a way that isn't second person if you see what I mean) - but is used in ' is wanted' constructions:
मुझे खाना चाहिए - by me food is wanted
मैं खाना चाहता हूँ - I want food, I need food (but in usage less immediate than the चहिए form, I do need food, that's trivially true, but I'm not hungry right now so it can wait)
As far as I'm aware you can use either in question form (though with the same note on immediacy) so in my above comment I just meant that if you want to say चाहिए then it's:
तुम्हें क्या चाहिए - what is wanted/needed by you ('let what desire to you', if we're going to really contrive it in as close grammar as we can)
or if not:
तुम क्या चाहते हो - what do you want/desire
चाहना is indeed transitive in both cases (no pun intended!) ('what?' being the direct object) but conjugated differently and 'you' declined differently accordingly.
thanks... so.... technically (I think you are saying re "contrive it in as close grammar as we can") तुम्हें क्या चाहिए is totally correct? But तुम्हें क्या चाहिए is allowed also if the assumption is that it's not URGENT case about wanting it right now urgently? Or needing it urgently? But anyway... I'd get by if I kept it simple and kept using the तुम्हें क्या चाहिए form as my Hindi teacher in Varanasi had taught me? Sahi ya nahin?