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https://www.duolingo.com/JasmineYas8

Bear with me, noob in Spanish here.

I was doing my basics in Spanish and I noticed something.

The fill in the blank they gave me was "Yo ___ una niña." with the two options being "es" and "soy". What is the difference between the two? They are basically the same...

"Yo soy una niña." ----> I'M a girl. "Yo es una niña." ----> I AM a girl.

Shouldn't both be correct? Why is more correct than the other?

2 weeks ago

12 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/guomashi
guomashi
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yo soy una niña = I am a girl

Yo es una niña = I is a girl

(yes, it sounds that jarring.)

Maybe try the old trick of building a conjugation table in Spanish

1st person singular: soy 1st person plural: somos

2nd person singular: eres 2nd person plural: sois

3rd person singular: es 3rd person plural: son

This particular structure should become automatic in your thinking and will quickly dispel problems with irregular verbs as well.

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SGuthrie0

guomashi:

Sorry, but I find your explanation confusing.

Yo es una niña = I is a girl. Wrong, NO

yo soy una niña = I am a girl. Correct, Yes.

In addition, note that DUO doesn't use the "sois" form.

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JasmineYas8

Thank you so much!

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ignatznkrazy
ignatznkrazy
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No one in this thread has mentioned usted and ustedes?

Qué curioso.

Usted es-- you (formal) are

Ustedes son--you (plural) are

Ustedes is the only second person plural pronoun used in Latin America (and the Canaries)

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ashsilv

Here's a conjugation table for the present form of the verb ser (to be).

I am: yo soy

you are: tu eres

he/she is: el/ella es

we are: nosotros somos

you plural are: vosotros sois

they are: ellos/ellas son

This is probably the most simply I can put it.

Remember, there's also two more ways to say "to be"- with the verb estar and the verb haber. Generally one would use estar with temporary states of things, and you would use haber to explain that something in in existence (so hay = there is).

I hope this helps! Good luck with your Spanish.

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JasmineYas8

Thank you so much!

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Heike333145
Heike333145Plus
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No, "es" is the third person singular (Él/Ella es = He/she is).

"Soy" is the first person singular (Yo soy = I am).

The conjugation of the verbs (i.e., the form of the verb corresponding to the person it refers to) is crucial in all languages, but in Spanish in particular, because in Spanish, often the personal pronoun (yo, tú, ella etc) is left out:

Soy una chica. (I am a girl).

Es una chica. (She is a girl.)

Therefore, you should take great care to use these forms correctly right from the start. Happy learning! :-)

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JasmineYas8

Thank yooouuuuuu!

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/la_ricfoi
la_ricfoi
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[edit] Sorry, I am misreading the problem here.

You conjugate differently depending on the subject

pronoun ser
yo soy
tu eres
él, ella, usted es
nosotros somos
vosotros sois
ellos, ellas, ustedes son

Vosotros is only used in Spain, not so much in Latin America. It is not taught on Duolingo.

Below is another problem you will run into, but not the problem here.

[/edit]

No, only soy would be correct. To be is split into two words in Spanish. That is going to take some time to get used to.

The rule of thumb often cited is "ser" is for permanent things and "estar" for temporary stuff, but while it works surprisingly often, it is not entirely correct.

Here is some additional material to dive into:

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JasmineYas8

I appreciate! Thanks.

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JasmineAnand
JasmineAnand
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Yo soy una niña= I am a girl Yo es una niña = I is a girl

One of those makes a lot more sense than the other, am I right?

Hope this helps you Jasmine.

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/TedWaugh

Thank you for the question. The responses are worth the lingot!

1 week ago