Why? This could be also "He suggests some wine", but that translation would be not possible if you use "offrir" instead.
It would very much depend on context to pick the exact verb needed.
- il offre du fin en cadeau: he offers wine as a present
- le serveur suggère du vin rouge avec le plat principal: the waiter suggests red wine with the main dish.
- en apéritif, puis-je vous proposer du vin ?: as an aperitif, may I propose wine?
If I am suggesting wine but not in a context where I will supply it (I am not the waiter, and am not going to pay for the meal), can I still use 'proposer'?
That's why I think using "suggest" for "proposer" is the most suitable option, "Offrir" is not accurate enough.
I don't often get to do this, but a small correction: "out of aperitif" would mean we haven't any more, which I don't think is the meaning of "en apéritif". I think perhaps "As an aperitif..." would serve the purpose.
A humble remark Sitesurf. I think you mean that it is possible to use "ils proposent du vin", when you need the pluriel form of "Il propose du vin.", is it not?
Yes, when you need the plural form and also, specifically, if this sentence is proposed in dictation, because the singular and plural versions sound the same.
Thanks Sitesurf, I offer you a lingot, a little recognition for your answers much appreciated.
Shouldn't Duo accept ils proposent du vin ?
It sounds exactly the same as il propose du vin
If you look just above here, you'll see this has been discussed. Duo does miss things. If it did not allow your plural version, you should report it.
I did report it after I check the discussions, but my enquiry was just cos I thought "propose" might be an irregular verb, so I wanted to get it sorted out.
what is the difference between 'du' and 'des'? when to use which ? are they synonmys ?
"Du" = "de" + "le"; singular masculine
"Des" = "de" + "les"; plural, either gender
why can't i post "he proposes wine?" I'm just assuming propose comes from this word.
With simple tenses, no, they don't change: il propose, elle propose
With compound tenses, they can change in the form of their past participle, mainly with auxiliary "être" which make them act as adjectives:
- il est allé à l'école - elle est allée à l'école. (active)
- le vin est bu par l'homme - la bière est bue par l'homme (passive)
The rules are different with auxiliary "avoir", but you will study that later.